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SOCI370 (Religion) - Timeline
Terms in this set (18)
(300k - 50k BCE)
humans at the time contributed living and thinking abilities to forces of nature
one of the earliest "deities" of this time was ouroborous -a symbol for the cycle of death and rebirth
-snake is a symbol because of its shedding of its skin, it's like dying and the continuation of life
-snake shows up in many religions
around found human bones, you find items, food, etc.
-could be to use in the afterlife, could be things the person owned
we can see early organization of belief systems
Cave Paintings, Lascaux, France
have to do with fertility, finding food, hunting
associated with the earth as "mother"
animistic in their representation
New Stone Age
(10k - 3k BCE)
glaciers melting, climate warming > people migrating, in search of food, water, places to live
feminine figurines showing up here as well, beginning of worship of the "mother goddess"
the importance of women in the cycle of life
women were taking part in religious activities
buddists say women were the keepers of the womb and the tomb" at this time
early settlements, farming, animal domestication
metal tools, beginning Iron Age
Invasion from North
Scandanavian countries (aka Vikings) come down and begin invading places like India and the near East
these people have patriarchal gods, a sky god
-they're invading people that worship the earth
-they invade other lands, they do not settle
so the feminine deities get replaced by these "sky god," patriarchal, warring figures
Greek Pantheon, Polytheism
early Greek culture evolved, completely patriarchal
Pantheon is the gods and goddesses
these gods have names, human characteristics, powers, and have
founded by Moses, goes back to Abraham
like, Zara/Zoro, there is Good and Evil
-demonize feminine deities
-Lilith & Jezebel
-these fertitlity deities become indued wth evil
-Lilith - steal sperm at night
-Jezebel - the *****
"to be a Jew is to have a covenant with God and a covenant with Abraham"
-the covenant is manifested though circumcision
first written records
arrives as a "hero cult"
eseens - looked at the world as evil, wanted to separate themselves from the world until it was time to wage a war to reclaim earth from the people
Romans crushed rebellion, destroyed Temple of Solomon, destroyed eseens
all of these different types are coexisting, until now, when the Roman emperor Constantine officially recognizes Christianity (Edict of Milan) (political and economical choice)
the angel Gabriel began to peer to him with the teachings that became the Quran
5 Pillars of Faith
1. shahadah (literally means "the testament" - the proclamation of faith)
2. salah ("prayer" - 5 times a day, face Mecca, and pray at specified times) (why?: to remember to pray)
3. zahah (give charity to the poor)
4. sawn (fasting) (Ramadan) (purpose: be grateful for what you have when you don't have it)
5. hajj (the pilgrimage to Mecca; if they can afford it, make the pilgrimage at least once in their lives) (everyone is dressed exactly the same, no class identifying marks or accessories) (people of all colors and races become one)
Social stratification is a society's categorization of people into socioeconomic strata, based upon their occupation and income, wealth and social status, or derived power (social and political).
religion in Greece and Rome, and any others, was controlled by the state
about 1500 - 1000 BC, Persia (now Iran) conflict, trade, travel = lots of religion/belief exchange
born in Persia
Greeks called him "Zoroaster"
came up with concept of "monotheism" (kinda)
-he narrowed it down to 1 Bad God, 1 Good God
-Earth is the battleground
-they need humans to do battle
it's up to humans to choose Good God
-Zara believed "good will win out"
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