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52 terms

Pharmacology Exam Two G

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Vasodilators:
____ are antihypertensives.
Hydralazine HCL:
____ ____ is aka Apresoline.
Hydralazine HCL:
____ ____ is a vasodilator used to treat hypertension.
Sodium Nitroprusside:
____ ____ is a vasodilator used to treat hypertension.
Sodium Nitroprusside:
____ ____ is aka Nipride or Nitropress.
Diazoxide:
____ is aka Hyperstat.
Diazoxide:
_____ is a vasodilator used to treat hypertension.
Acetazolamide:
____ is aka Diamox.
Acetazolamide:
____ is a diuretic known as a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor.
Furosimide:
____ is aka Lasix.
Furosimide:
_____ is a loop diuretic.
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors:
___ ___ ___ block the exchange of H+ ions w/sodium, resulting in decreased water resorption and increased urine volume.
Loop diuretics:
____ ____ usually have a potassium supplement prescribed.
Mannitol:
____ is aka Osmitrol.
Mannitol:
____ is an osmotic diuretic, which should always be administered IV through a filter.
Potassium Sparing Diuretics:
Hyperkalemia is a side effect of ____ ____ ____.
Spironolactone:
____ is aka Aldactone.
Spironolactone:
_____ is a potassium sparing diuretic.
Spironolactone:
A side effect of using _____ is hyperkalemia.
Thiazide diuretics:
____ ____ have a side effect of hypokalemia photosensitivity.
Hydrochlorothiazide:
_____ is aka HydroDIURIL.
Hydrochlorothiazide:
_______ is a thiazide diuretic.
Antilipemics:
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors are ______.
Atorvastatin:
____ is aka Lipitor.
Atorvastatin:
____ is an antilipemic, which lowers LDL cholesterol.
Rosuvastatin:
____ is aka Crestor.
Simvastatin:
____ is aka Zocor.
Antilipemics:
Bile Acid Sequestrants are _____.
Cholestyramine:
____ is aka Questran.
Cholestyramine:
____ is an antilipemic that lowers LDL.
Simvastatin:
____ is an antilipemic that lowers LDL.
Rosuvastatin:
____ is an antilipemic that lowers LDL.
Niacin:
____ is aka nicotinic acid or B3.
Niacin:
___ is an antilipemic which lowers LDL & triglycerides, while increasing HDL.
Gemfibrozil:
____ is aka Lopid.
Gemfibrozil:
____ is a fibric acid derivative.
Ezetimibe:
____ is aka Zetia
Ezetimibe:
____ is a cholesterol absorption inhibitor.
Acetylcholine:
____ is the neurotransmitter of the parasympathetic nervous system.
Cholinergic Agents:
___ ___ are drugs that stimulate the parasympathetic nervous system.
Acetylcholine:
____ is needed for normal brain function.
Cholinergic-blocking agents:
____ - ____ _____ are drugs that inhibit the actions of acetylcholine in the PSNS.
Dysrhythmias:
____ can interrupt delivery of blood to the brain, other tissues and the heart, leading to stroke, MI, angina, syncope...
Atropine:
____ is the only antidysrhythmic drug used to increase heart rate.
Angina:
___ is caused by the heart not receiving sufficient oxygen or nutrients (in the blood).
Coronary Artery:
An MI is caused by the complete obstruction of a ___ ___ resulting in ischemia to that portion of the heart.
CCB's:
Prevent muscle contraction
Beta Blockers:
____ ____ should never be abruptly discontinued due to risk of rebound hypertensive crisis.
Reduced heart rate:
The use of cardia glycosides results in ___ ____ ____ and improved cardiac efficiency.
Cardiac glycosides:
____ ____ are indicated with heart failure and supraventricular dysrhythmias.
Apical pulse:
When administering a positive inotropic agent, always check the ____ ____ prior to administration.
Triglycerides:
The two primary forms of lipids in the blood are ____ and cholesterol.