Microbiology Chapter 5

what are unicellular protozoa?
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Terms in this set (67)
what is made of phospholipids and proteins, sterols confer stability, serves as selectively permeable barrier in transport?cytoplasmic (cell) membraneeukaryotic cells contain membrane bound organelles that account for how much percent of their volume?60-80%what is the most prominent organelle of a eukaryotic cell that contains chromosomes?nucleuswhat is composed of two parallel membranes separated by a narrow space and is perforated with pores?nuclear envelopewhat is the dark area for rRNA synthesis and ribosome assembly in the nucleus?nucleolusthe DNA and ribosome production is located where?nucleuswhat originates from the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope and extends in a continuous network through cytoplasm?rough endoplasmic reticulumwhat is the function of the rough ER?proteins synthesized and shunted into the ER for packaging and transport; first step in secretory pathwaywhat is a close tubular network without ribosomes ?smooth endoplasmic reticulumwhat is the function in smooth ER?nutrient processing, synthesis, and storage and production of lipidswhat modifies, stores, and packages proteins?golgi apparatuswhat does the golgi apparatus contain?a stack of flattened sacs called cisternaewhat is the transport process?transitional vesicles from the ER containing proteins go to the Golgi apparatus for modification and maturationwhat are vesicles containing enzymes that originate from golgi apparatus?lysosomeswhat is the function of lysosomes?intracellular digestion of food particles and in protection against invading microbeswhat is membrane bound sacs containing particles to be digested, excreted, or stored?vacuoleswhat are vacuole's merged with a lysosome?phagosomewhat consists of an outer membrane and an inner membrane with folds called cristae?mitochondriawhat is the function of mitochondria?function in every productionwhat are cristae?they increase surface area and hold the enzymes and electron carriers of aerobic respirationwhat is composed of rRNA and proteins, scattered in cytoplasm or associated with RER, larger than prokaryotic ribosomes?ribosomeswhat is the function of ribosomes?protein synthesiswhat is the flexible framework of proteins, microfilaments and microtubules from network throughout cytoplasm?cytoskeletonwhat is the function of cytoskeleton?involved in movement of cytoplasm, amoeboid movement, transport, and structural supportthe eukaryotic organelle that is responsible for transporting vesicles inside the cells is ?golgiwhat are the eukaryotic microbes?fungi, algae, protozoa, parasitic worms (helminths)what are the two groups of kingdom fungi?macroscopic fungi and microscopic fungiwhat are examples of macroscopic fungi?mushrooms, puffballs, gill fungiwhat are examples of microscopic fungi?molds and yeastswhat are the two morphologies of microscopic fungi?yeast and hyphaewhat morphologies in microscopic fungi are round ovoid shape, soft, uniform texture, asexual reproduction through budding?yeastwhat morphology in microscopic fungi are long filaments fungi or molds?hyphaewhat are harmless saprobes living off dead plants and animals that are heterotrophic?fungiwhat is mycosis?fungal infectionwhat is a mass of hyphae that is cottony, hairy, or velvety texture?myceliumwhat type of hyphae digest and absorb nutrients?vegetative hyphaewhat type of hyphae produce spores for reproduction?reproductive hyphaewhat is observed in fungal media?asexual spore forming structures and spores, hyphal type, colony texture and pigmentation, physiological characteristics, and genetic makeupwhat are the adverse impacts of fungi?mycoses, allergies, toxin production and destruction of crops and food storageswhat are the beneficial impacts of fungi?decomposers of dead plants and animals, sources of antibiotics, alcohol, organic acids, vitamins. used in making foods and in genetic studieswhat is the cause of Ohio valley fever, Histoplasmosis?Hisplasma capsulatumwhat goes straight to the brain and is most dangerous (torulosis)?Cryptococcus neoformanswhat is in mucous membranes, skin, and nails that is cause of yeast infection or Candidiasis?Candida albicanswhat is in epidermis, hair, and dermis can be attacked and causes Dermatophytosis (tinea, ringworm, scalp, body , athletes foot)?Microsporum, Trichophyton and Epidermophytonwhat takes place in the outer epidermis and causes Tinea versicolor?Malassezia furfurwhat are unicellular eukaryotes that lack tissues and share similarities in cell structure, nutrition, life cycle, and biochemistry?protozoahow are protozoans identified?mastigophora, sarcodina, ciliophora, apicomplexawhat is the binomial nomenclature for Amoebiasis and reservoir is human/ water and food?Entamoeba histolyticawhat is the binomial nomenclature for a brain infection that is commonly found in warm water of Fl and the gulf?Naegleria fowleri, Acanthamoebawhat is inflammation of the vagina?Trichovaginaliswhat are is the binomial nomenclature for Malaria?Plasmodium vivax, falciparum, malariaewhat is the causative agent of red tide?Karenia breviswhat is sleeping African sicking?Trypanosoma bruceiwhat is Chaga's disease in South America?Trypanosoma cruziwhat is amebic dysentery; worldwide?Entamoeba histolyticawhat are the two groups of flatworms?cestodes (tapeworms), trematodes (flukes)what is very common in children involving pinworm?Enterobius vermicularis