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Acts, Amendments, Strikes, War, revolutions
McEuen Test 1
Terms in this set (41)
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
States cannot deny any person the right to vote because of race.
Allows the federal government to collect income tax
Established the direct election of senators (instead of being chosen by state legislatures)
Prohibition of alcohol
special field order 15
confiscated coastline from SC to FL and redistributed it to freed black families in 40 acre segments and a mule
The Black Codes
Laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves; passed by southern states following the Civil War
Homestead Act of 1862
Encouraged westward settlement by allowing heads of families to buy 160 acres of land for a small fee and settlers were required to develop and remain on the land for five years
Senator Trumball's Bills
1 = extended life of Freedman's Bureau
2 = civil rights bill of 1866
Johnson vetoed both
civil rights bill of 1866
A bill passed by Congress in March 1866 as a measure against the Black Codes to reinforce black rights to citizenship later passed as the 14th Amendment.
It divided the South into 5 military districts, each commanded by a union general and policed by Union soldiers. It also required that states wishing to be re-admitted into the Union had to ratify the 14th Amendment, and that states' constitutions had to allow former adult male slaves to vote.
Tenure of Office Act
Required the president to seek approval from the Senate before removing appointees.
This treaty with China was ratified in 1868. It encouraged Chinese immigration to the United States at a time when cheap labor was in demand for U.S. railroad construction. It doubled the annual influx of Chinese immigrants between 1868 and 1882. The treaty was reversed in 1882 by the Chinese Exclusion Act.
Meeting at which Europeans agreed on rules for colonizing Africa
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Treaty of Paris
agreement signed by British and American leaders that stated the United States of America was a free and independent contry
Prohibited radical anti-black groups and protected the voting rights of African Americans
1918 law that made it illegal to criticize the government
civil rights act of 1875
law that banned discrimination in public facilities and transportation
Bargain of 1877
Deal made to resolve the disputed presidential election of 1876; Republican Rutherford B. Hayes, who had lost the popular vote, was declared the winner in exchange for the withdrawal of federal troops from involvement in politics in the South, marking the end of Reconstruction.
1887 law that distributed reservation land to individual Native American owners
Civil Service Act of 1883
Established the Civil Service Commission and marked the end of the spoils system.
Sherman Antitrust Act
First federal action against monopolies, used by Theodore Roosevelt for trust-busting. However, it was initially misused against labor unions
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
a factory fire that killed 146 workers trapped in the building; led to new safety standard laws
great railroad strike
July, 1877 - A large number of railroad workers went on strike because of wage cuts. After a month of strikes, President Hayes sent troops to stop the rioting. The worst railroad violence was in Pittsburgh, with over 40 people killed by militia men.
1886 incident that made unions, particularly the Knights of Labor, look violent because a bomb exploded during a protest of striking workers.
violent 1894 railway workers' strike which began outside of Chicago and spread nationwide
1892 steelworker strike near Pittsburgh against the Carnegie Steel Company. Ten workers were killed in a riot when "scab" labor was brought in to force an end to the strike.
Women gain the right to vote
Specified when the US could interviene in Cuban affairs
Open Door Notes
messages sent by Secretary of State John Hay in 1899 to Germany, Russia, Great Britain, France, Italy, and Japan, asking the countries not to interfere with U.S. trading rights in China
Great Steel Strike of 1919
united 365,000 immigrant workers in demands for union recognition, higher wages, and an 8 hour day
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
Civil War (1861-1865)
bloodiest battle on U.S. soil, fought between North and South. North won.
World War 1
first truly global conflict, sometimes called the Great War, which was fought between 1914 and 1918
armed rebellion in which the Mexican people fought for political and social reform
Shay's Rebellion led by Daniel Shay of Mass. caused by the sudden drop in the need for farm goods after the war and the increase in taxes
Second Industrial Revolution
(1871-1914) Involved development of chemical, electrical, oil, and steel industries. Mass production of consumer goods also developed at this time through the mechanization of the manufacture of food and clothing. It saw the popularization of cinema and radio. Provided widespread employment and increased production.
1865-1877 the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
This epidemic of 1918 was the most serious epidemic in U.S. history. More American civilians were killed by the disease than all the U.S. combat deaths during the 20th century combined.
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