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29 terms

Endodontics Chapter 54 definitions

STUDY
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abscess
a localized accumulation of pus in a cavity formed by tissue disintegration
acute
short and sever course
apioectomy
surgical removal of the apical portion of the tooth through a surgical opening made in the overlying bone and gingival tissues
apical curettage
surgical removal of infectious material surrounding the apex of the root
chronic
pertaining to disease symptoms that persist over a long time as in periodontal disease
control tooth
healthy tooth used as a standard to compare questionable teeth of similar size and stucture during pulp vitality testing
debridement
to remove or clean out the pulpal canal
endodontist
a doctor specializing in dental pulp and periadicular tissues
gutta percha
plastic type of filling material used in endodontics
hemisection
surgical separation of a multirooted tooth through the furcation area
indirect pulp cap
placement of a medicament over a partially exposed pulp
irreversible pulpitis
infectious condition in which the pulp is incapable of healing which would then require root canal therapy
nonvital
not living, as in oral tissue and tooth structure
obturation
process of filling a root canal
palpation
technique of examining the soft tissue with the examiners hands or finger tips
percussion
examination technique that involves tapping on the incisal or occlusal surface of a tooth to assess vitality
perforation
making a hole as in breaking through and extending beyond the apex of the root
periodontal abcess
an inflammatory reaction to bacteria trapped in the periodontal sulcus
periadicular
referring to the area of nerves, blood vessels and tissues that surrond the root of a tooth
periradicular abcess
an inflammatory reaction to pulpal infection
periradicular cyst
a cyst that develops at or near the root of a necrotic tooth
pulp cap
application of dental material to a cavity preparation with an exposed or nearly exposed dental pulp
pulpectomy
complete removal of vital pulp from a tooth
pulpitis
inflammation of the dental pulp
pulpotomy
removal of the coronal portion of a vital pulp from a tooth
retrograde restoration
small restoration place at the apex of a root
reversible pulpitis
form of pulpal inflammation in which the pulp may be salvageable
root amputation
removal of one or more roots without removal of the crown of the tooth
root canal therapy
removal of the dental pulp and filling of the canal with material