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17 terms

History Chapter 8 Ancient China Vocab

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oracle bone
an animal bone or turtle shell used by the Shang kings of China to communicate w/ and influence the gods
pictograph
a picture or drawing that represents a word or an idea in an early
system of writing
the writing system that the Chinese used to trade and communicate-everyone could speak different languages but everyone used the same writing/alphabet
dynastic cycle
the pattern of the rise and fall of dynasties
Mandate of Heaven
an ancient Chinese belief that a good ruler has the gods' approval
philosophy
an investigation of basic truths about the universe, based on logical reasoning
Legalism
the belief that a ruler should use the legal system to force people to obey laws
Confucianism
a philosophy based on the teaching of Confucius (551-479 B.C), as recorded in the collection called the Analects
filial piety
respect for one's parents and ancestors-an important teaching of Confucianism
Daosim (Taoism)
a belief system said to have begun with the sixth-century-B.C. philosopher Laozi. Daoism emphasizes living in harmony w/ nature
Qin
a state of ancient China
Shi Huangdi
a Chinese ruler who came to power in 221 B.C. and unified and expanded China by ending internal battles and conquering rival states
Han Dynasty
a Chinese dynasty begun in 202 B.C. by Liu Bang, which reunified China
bureaucracy
a system of organized government departments staffed by appointed officials
Silk Roads
the overland trade routes along which silk and other Chinese goods passed to Mesopotamia and Europe
trans-Eurasian
involving the continents of Europe and Asia
cultural diffusion
the spread of ethnic ideas and customs to other areas of the world