17 terms

History Chapter 8 Ancient China Vocab

oracle bone
an animal bone or turtle shell used by the Shang kings of China to communicate w/ and influence the gods
a picture or drawing that represents a word or an idea in an early
system of writing
the writing system that the Chinese used to trade and communicate-everyone could speak different languages but everyone used the same writing/alphabet
dynastic cycle
the pattern of the rise and fall of dynasties
Mandate of Heaven
an ancient Chinese belief that a good ruler has the gods' approval
an investigation of basic truths about the universe, based on logical reasoning
the belief that a ruler should use the legal system to force people to obey laws
a philosophy based on the teaching of Confucius (551-479 B.C), as recorded in the collection called the Analects
filial piety
respect for one's parents and ancestors-an important teaching of Confucianism
Daosim (Taoism)
a belief system said to have begun with the sixth-century-B.C. philosopher Laozi. Daoism emphasizes living in harmony w/ nature
a state of ancient China
Shi Huangdi
a Chinese ruler who came to power in 221 B.C. and unified and expanded China by ending internal battles and conquering rival states
Han Dynasty
a Chinese dynasty begun in 202 B.C. by Liu Bang, which reunified China
a system of organized government departments staffed by appointed officials
Silk Roads
the overland trade routes along which silk and other Chinese goods passed to Mesopotamia and Europe
involving the continents of Europe and Asia
cultural diffusion
the spread of ethnic ideas and customs to other areas of the world