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Deviant Behavior ch 1-3 Exam
Terms in this set (21)
What did Edwin Lemert focus on?
Relativist definition of deviance
assumes that deviance is in the eye of the beholder, other people decide whether or not an action is deviant
Normative definition of deviance
Deviance is a violation of a norm, society has a set of norms
Statistical definition of deviance
emphasizes behavior that differs from the average human experience, Ex: a person wearing shorts to work
3. What is the difference between proscriptive norms and prescriptive norms?
Proscriptive norms are norms that tell people what they should NOT do.
Prescriptive norms are norms that tell people what they OUGHT to do.
What did Emile Durkheim explain regarding deviance in society?
Emile Durkheim explained that deviance is normal and constant. Society can not rid itself of deviance and it should not want to.
As a society becomes more stratified, are people more or less likely to be labeled as deviant?
What is norm promotion?
when certain cultures or individuals encourage you to hold yourself to the same values, Ex: Americans encourage you to have social media because it is our norm
What did Cohen believe that subcultures represent?
that subcultures represent the domination of deviant values and moral concepts
How do conditions that increase differentiation in a society affect social stratification?
The conditions that increase differentiation in a society affect social stratification because the two are often linked. Differentiation can be classified as a difference in sex, age, wealth, race, etc. Social stratification is often caused by these same factors.
What is counterculture?
group(subculture) with expectations/values that differ strongly with the dominant culture
Do deviant subgroups developed through a social process that is similar or different than the social process through which nondeviant groups are developed?
Deviant subgroups are developed through a social process similar to nondeviant groups.
What situations may lead to role strain?
when two separate roles tend to cause conflict with each other, Ex: student and employee
What are the deviance management techniques?
The deviance management techniques include secrecy, manipulating the physical setting, rationalizations, change to non-deviance, and joining deviant subcultures.
From where does deviance originate according to psychoanalytic psychology?
According to psychoanalytic psychology, deviance originates in childhood and stays permanently in the unconscious mind.
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