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for whom you are writing.


words beginning with the same consonant sound. Ex. Peter Piper picked a pack of pickled peppers.


reference to someone or something famous in order to make a point


comparison of the similarities of two things that are unlike.


noun that names a person, place, or thing that a pronoun refers back to. Ex. Mary gave her mother the tickets. (Mary is the antecedent that the pronoun "her" refers to.)

Author's purpose

author's reason for writing the selection.-to describe, teach, amuse, persuade, create......


reference to the author of the material you are using


A strong ending sentence to a paper.

Context clues

clues in surrounding text that help the reader determine the meaning of an unknown word.


brief story, usually with animal characters, that teaches a moral


a highly imaginative writing that contains elements not found in real life. They often contain magic.


Introduction to get the reader's attention.


an exaggeration. Ex. I walked a million miles just for one of your wonderful dinners.


Phrase whose meaning cannot be determined from the ordinary meaning of the words. Ex. Drop me a line.


expressed indirectly; understand what author is trying to express through his use of words and characters' action.


an alphabetical listing of topics and the page numbers where they can be found in a text. It is usually found in the back of the book.


a logical guess based on facts and common sense.

Main Idea

General idea for a paragraph or paper-example: Reasons for the fall of the Roman Empire


type of figurative language in which two unlike things are compared. Ex. The girl was a graceful bird skating in flight. (comparing a girl to a bird)


atmosphere; overall emotions shown within a story such as happy, gloomy, peaceful, and mysterious.


a fiction al tale that explains the actions of gods or heroes or the origins of elements of nature.

Organizational pattern

compare/contrast (similarities and differences), chronological order (the order in which things happen), cause/effect, transition


words that sound like what they describe. Ex. Swoosh


giving human traits to animals or nonliving things. Ex. The tree lowered its branches and cried.


the way something is viewed.


not needed; extra; saying the same words again. Ex. Susie cooked a great dinner. Everyone loved the great dinner.

Rhyme Scheme

a pattern of end rhymes in a poem. Ex: aabba First, second and fifth rhyme, and third and fourth rhyme.


the coming of one thing after another; order which events happen.


a comparison of two unlike things using "like" and "as." Ex. He is as sly as a fox.

Supporting sentence

sentences in a paragraph that elaborate your topic sentence.


deep meaning or insight of a piece of literature-overall message-example: good vs. evil


author's attitude towards the subject which is conveyed through the writer's choice of words. Ex. humorous tone or serious tone

Topic sentence

states the main idea of the text; what the paper will be about.


make connection between sentences and paragraphs, giving the paragraph coherence and making it easier to follow. Common transition words are first, next, then, following, also etc.



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