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Ch. 5 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (44)
Early stage romantic excursions that serve as a foundation for building a potentially committed relationship.
Casual sexual experiences with strangers or acquaintances (kissing, oral sex, intercourse) without the expectation of any further contact after the fact.
Friends with Benefits
Engaging in sexual activities with friends or acquaintances without expecting the development of a committed partnership.
Laws that outlaw interracial sex, dating, and marriage
One of four elements of intimate relationships, characterized by being open and intimate with a partner
One of four elements of intimate relationships, characterized by deciding on power sharing and control issues
One of four elements of intimate relationships, characterized by finding partners with similarities to oneself
One of four elements of intimate relationships, characterized by a cost/benefit analysis of the worth of a specific partner
- The process whereby people select each other as mates and decide to make a committed partnership with each other, such as in the case of marriage
- The process by which people select each other as mates and decide to form a committed partnership is ______.
Anxious, Preoccupied, Ambivalent Attachments
Insecure attachments that lead people to fear abandonment, cling onto partners, or alternatively want closeness and then distanceInsecure attachments that lead people to fear abandonment, cling onto partners, or alternatively want closeness and then distance
Dismissing Avoidant Attachment
An insecure attachment style where people don't value intimacy with others and keep a cold distance in relationships
Fearful Avoidant Attachment
An insecure attachment style where people fear being hurt and so avoid intimacy altogether
- A model explaining that people often put on false fronts during dating relationships so that when they commit to a relationship, they become disillusioned upon finding flaws in their partners. They feel unhappy that the person has "changed"
- In a ______ of a relationship, partners suppress negative aspects of their internal working models, ignore problems, and idealize their new mate.
The first phase involved in the neurochemistry of attraction; characterized by high libido or sex drive
The second phase involved in the neurochemistry of attraction, characterized by increases in the neurotransmitter dopamine. It also involves increases in norepinephrine and decreases in serotonin (the mood stabilizing neurotransmitter)
The third phase involved in the neurochemistry of attraction, characterized by a sense of calm, security, and emotional intimacy. Oxytocin is circulating in higher amounts in the brain, as is vasopressin, which constricts the blood vessels and influences feelings of bonding
A state in which people are more likely to date those who are nearby, in close proximity
Mere Exposure Effect
- The idea that the more we are exposed to a person, the more likely we are to engage in a relationship with him/her
- The old saying "out of sight, out of mind" illustrates the:
The idea that instead of opposites attracting, most of us actually choose mates very similar to ourselves in attractiveness, personality, and social standing
A liking for people similar to ourselves
Expectancy Value Theory
A theory of mate selection that states that people evaluate potential partners based on perceived attractiveness, compatibility, similarity, and whether the person has the attributes and the potential to play vital roles
- A theory that states that people have various cognitive filters through which they sift the pool of eligible
- The theory that we sift through the pool of available mates, forming smaller and smaller groups of eligibles, is called ______.
Pool of Eligible
The available group of people who could be potential mates
The best predictor of whether hooking up will occur in a social setting is:
availability of alcohol
A major difference between mate selection in western cultures and in collectivist cultures such as those in East Asia is that the latter tend to:
emphasize family influence
Your internal working model of relationships is primarily made up of:
cognitive templates formed out of of your childhood and adult experiences.
Which question is an example of the equality matching relationship dynamic?
Do you like watching old movies?
If females are scarce in a population, what mating strategy do males follow?
Which neurotransmitter is associated with feelings of long-term attachment?
The chemicals that predominate during the attraction phase of a relationship are:
dopamine and norepinephrine
Which of the following is an example of a microsystem influence on your dating life?
Your parents impose a very early curfew
Which statement about interracial dating is incorrect?
interracial marriages are still illegal in several U.S. states
Love first became a factor in mate selection as a result of:
In which decade did the first birth control pills become available?
Compared with dating in the past, dating today is:
Which group experiences the highest rates of dating violence?
Bullies and Victims of bullying
The mesosystem is critical in preventing or allowing dating violence to occur because:
Friends can either prevent or encourage dating violence within their social groups
People who meet online rather than in person often impede the natural process of a relationship by:
Disclosing intimate details and feelings too soon
While there are many cultural variations, in all cultures, women tend to be attracted to men who ______.
are taller than average
With so many myths and misunderstandings regarding stress, take a moment to identify the statement about people who are highly stress reactive that is CORRECT.
They have high cortisol levels.
Studies of over 800 societies revealed some interesting results regarding monogamy. Identify the percentage of societies in which monogamy is the normative marriage system.
From the following, identify a recent dating trend among senior adults.
Women want to date but do not want to marry.
Nothing had more impact on mate selection than the advent of the automobile at the turn of the 20th century.
Aside from the more biological factors of lust and attraction, very few individual and personal factors, or even larger social contexts, exhibit any influence on whom we choose as our mates.
Sets found in the same folder
Ch. 1 Practice Quiz
Ch. 5 Vocabulary
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