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CH. 10 test
Terms in this set (39)
Which of the following is the correct order of Freud's psychosexual stages of development?
oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
The famous test introduced by Hermann Rorschach asks test-takers to respond to
While Mr. Gomez was going through a painful divorce, he tended to create unnecessarily difficult tests and gave his students unusually low grades. A psychoanalyst would be most likely to view Mr. Gomez's treatment of students as an example of
The pleasure principle is to the ________ as the reality principle is to the ________.
According to psychoanalytic theory, the part of the personality that strives for immediate gratification of basic drives is the
A psychotherapist instructs Dane to relax, close his eyes, and state aloud whatever thoughts come to mind no matter how trivial or absurd. The therapist is using a technique known as
Hasina was an abused child; as an adult, she is homeless and squanders any money she can find on alcohol. Alfred Adler would have suggested that Hasina suffers from
feelings of inferiority.
Freud believed that ________ were the "royal road to the unconscious."
Parents who disguise hostility toward their children by becoming overly protective of them are very likely using the defense mechanism of
Carl Jung referred to a shared reservoir of memory traces from our species history as the
According to Freud, boys are most likely to experience the Oedipus complex during the ________ stage.
The defense mechanism by which people disguise threatening impulses by attributing them to others is called
According to Freud, the unconscious is
the thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories, of which we are largely unaware.
Survivors of traumatic events, such as rape or attempted murder, are often haunted by persistent and vivid memories of this experience. This most clearly serves to challenge Freud's concept of
Coping with anxiety by retreating to behavior patterns characteristic of an earlier, more infantile stage of development is called
Carl Rogers believed that in order to be a fully-functioning individual, you must
receive unconditional positive regard.
Sigmund Freud is to the psychoanalytic perspective as Gordon Allport is to the ________ perspective.
Personality is best defined as an individual's
characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting
Tests that present ambiguous stimuli designed to uncover hidden personality dynamics are called ________ tests.
Freud became interested in unconscious personality dynamics when he noticed that certain patients' symptoms
made no neurological sense.
Rachel is driven to attain her personal goal of being the top student in her AP psychology class. Rachel was most likely brought up in a ___________ culture.
By selective breeding, researchers can produce bold or shy birds. This best illustrates that some personality differences among birds are
When John McKay nervously began teaching his first class, he overestimated the extent to which his students would notice that he was anxious. His reaction best illustrates
the spotlight effect.
Which of the following are the "Big Five" personality factors?
openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism
People living in a culture that promotes collectivism are more likely than those in individualist cultures to report experiencing
After picking one of 28 flavors of ice cream, people may regret bypassing some of the remaining flavors. Their regret best illustrates a consequence of
the tyranny of choice.
A highly anxious and insecure personality illustrates the Big Five trait dimension of
The body's disease-fighting immune system is most likely to be dampened by
a pessimistic attributional style.
Learned helplessness is MOST likely to be associated with
an external locus of control.
Personality inventories are designed to assess several ________ at once.
The tendency to accept more personal responsibility for one's successes than for one's failures best illustrates
Exaggerated feelings of self-importance are most closely linked with
The perception that one's fate is determined by luck reflects
an external locus of control.
Impressions of just a few seconds of a teacher's expressive style are consistent with impressions of the teacher's expressive style over an entire semester. This best illustrates the importance of
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) is considered a(n)
According to Bandura, reciprocal determinism involves multidirectional influences among
behaviors, internal personal factors, and environmental events.
A consistent tendency to be shy is best described as a(n)
A person who is helpful and trusting most clearly ranks high on the Big Five trait dimension known as
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