A form of extended metaphor, in which objects, persons, and actions in a narrative, are equated with the meanings that lie outside the narrative itself. The underlying meaning has moral, social, religious, or political significance.
a technique by which a writer addresses an inanimate object, an idea, or a person who is either dead or absent.
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion or make a point.
a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics
something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity without using like or as
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant
irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the literary work
An outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected, the difference between what is expected to happen and what actually does