A form of extended metaphor, in which objects, persons, and actions in a narrative, are equated with the meanings that lie outside the narrative itself. The underlying meaning has moral, social, religious, or political significance.
a technique by which a writer addresses an inanimate object, an idea, or a person who is either dead or absent.
a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics
something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity without using like or as
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the literary work