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Politics of the United States
Honors Civics Mr. Cabada Ch. 3 Everything
Terms in this set (44)
Two house legislature; House of Representatives and Senate
Compromise between the Virginia and New Jersey Plans where there is a bicameral legislature and the House of Representatives is elected based on the population, and each state has two senators in the Senate, elected by representatives
Each slave counted as 3/5 of a person when counting population for House of Representatives election
Supporters of the Constitution and a strong central, federal government
Opponents of the Constitution who supported a weak national government and strong state governments
Changes (to Constitution)
Division of power between federal and state governments; some powers belong to national government, some powers belong to state government
Powers shared by the federal and state governments ex. Collect taxes
Powers that constitution doesn't give to Congress but gives to the state government ex. Schools, police organizations
Checks and balances
Each branch of government has ways that it can limit the powers of the other two for welfare of citizens ex. President can veto bills, but Constitution overrides the veto
Accuse (member of government of a crime)
They noticed in the Shays' rebellion that Congress didn't have enough power to settle debts or disputes between states, so they reunited to revise the Articles of Confederation
Why did delegates and representatives have another convention?
National government was necessary, not just union of states, division of power between states and federal government, separation of powers
What did delegates agree about before the convention?
The number of representatives each state should have in government, how much power national government should have
What did delegates disagree about before the convention?
In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1787
Where and when did Constitutional Convention take place?
Who was elected presiding officer of Constitutional Convention?
Delegates had to keep discussions secret; each state had one vote; each person's opinion was heard in debate; quiet while other people spoke
List some rules of the convention
Madison's Plan (Virginia Plan)
Start from scratch (Articles of Confederation was too weak), strong national government with separation of powers; legislative is divided into two parts: House of Representatives and Senate; number of seats depends on population
New Jersey Plan
Each state has same number of votes, one-house legislature (because it's small and scared that national government may take too much power)
President gets power to rule executive
Supreme Court settles inter-state issues
Citizens voted for representatives, the representatives voted for senators, Electoral College voted for President.
After signing of Constitution, who voted for House of Representatives?...Senators?...President?
People who signed the Constitution and formed our government
Protect states, maintain order, regulate trade, and guarantee rights of citizens
Federalists supported national government to
Allow politicians to be closer to their constituents, protects people's liberties, and to limit tyranny by federal government
Anti-Federalists supported weak national government and strong state governments to
Congress has power to make laws 'Necessary and Proper'
What statement in Constitution made Anti-Federalists uncomfortable about a strong national government that makes laws?
Bill of Rights
What did Anti-Federalists want in addition to the Constitution? Hint: included within the first 10 amendments
At least 9
How many states had to ratify the Constitution in order for a new government to begin?
Federalists wrote articles explaining why federal government is necessary
Ninth state to ratify Constitution in 1788?
Supreme Law of the Land
What is another name for the Constitution?
What is the name of the part of the Constitution before the Articles?
U.S. Congress is the strongest part of U.S. government, and is divided into two parts; House of Representatives and Senate, and bills (new laws) must be passed by both houses
Powers assigned to Congress
Executive branch is led by president; carries out laws; everything he does must be under the consent of Congress
Judicial branch, judges elected and approved by President and Congress to settle inter-state issues and state appeals in Supreme Court
Each state has to honor other states' rights
Instructions on how to make amendments to the Constitution
State and national governments must not violate Constitution; state vs. national, national takes priority
Ratification of Constitution
Bill of Rights
What was the name of the first 10 amendments?
Federalism, separation of powers, checks and balances
What 3 main principles limit government's power?
Separation of powers
Division of power between legislative, executive, and judicial branches
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Constitution (G5, L1,2,3)
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