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Observational Drawing Vocab
Terms and Vocab for AIH observational drawing students
Terms in this set (118)
An alteration of forms, derived from observation or experience, in such a way as to present essential rather than particular qualities
Relating to light and dark, the absence of color, as opposed to chromatic (relating to color)
The tactile quality of a surface, including the mark made by a tool, the surface on which it is made, and any foreign material added to the surface.
The means by which atmospheric illusion is created
An emphatically stated line
Space that is neither clearly flat nor clearly volumetric, containing a combination of both two and three dimensional elements
See Organic Shape
Colors adjacent to one another on the color wheel
A probing line that penetrates space, locating objects in relation to one another and to the space they occupy
Ascribing human form or attributes to nonhuman forms
Value that does not necessarily conform to the actual appearance of an object; the use of value based on intuitive responses or the ned to comply with compositional demands
A work of art composed of fragments of objects or three dimensional materials originally intended for other purposes; the art of making such a work
see negative space
The imaginary line on which an object or group of objects sits
See organic shape
A contour exercise in which the artist never looks at the paper
smudged, erased, or destroyed line
Free flowing line that resembles handwriting, making use of gradual and graceful transitions
one of the six categories of light
modeling, the gradual blending of light to dark to create a three dimensional illusion
Relating to color as opposed tot achromatic
any flat material, such as newspapers, cloth, or wallpaper, pasted on the picture plane
Visual assessment of the quality of light that is determined by its spectral composition
A circular arrangement of twelve hues
Contrasting colors that lie opposite each other on the color wheel
The organization or arrangement of the elements of art in a given work
A drawing that in its essential form is conceived in the artist's mind, rather than derived from immediate visual stimuli
Cone of vision
angle of sight constricted line in crabbed, angular, tense line, frequently aggressively stated
the subject matter of a work of art, including its emotional, intellectual, symbolic, thematic, and narrative connotations, which together give the work its total meaning
Line that delineates both the outside edge of an object and the edges of planes, as opposed to outline, which delineates only the outside edge of an object
Core of shadow
one of the six categories of light. crabbed line see constricted line
Cross contour line
Line that describes an object's horizontal or cross contours rather than its vertical contours. emphasizes the volumetric aspects of an object
see oragnizational line
Elements of art
The principal graphic and plastic devices y which an artist composes a physical work of art. the elements are color, line, shape, texture, value, and volume
See Negative space
dealing with feelings and emotions, as opposed to objective and subjective
an imaginary horizontal line parallel to the viewer's eyes
see negative space
see positive space
a technique for producing the illusion of an object's extension into space by contracting it's form
In its broadest sense, the total structure of a work of art- that is, the relation of the elements of art and the distinctive character of the work. In a narrower sense, the shape, configuration, or substance of an object
A textural transfer technique; the process of making rubbings with graphite or crayon on paper laid over a textured surface
A textural technique that uses smoke as a medium
Shape created by mathematical laws and measurements, such as a circle or square
a quick, all encompassing statement of forms. In gesture the hand duplicates the movement of the yes, quickly defining the subject's general characteristics-movement, weight, shape, tension, scale, and proportion. see mass gesture, line gesture, mass and line gesture, and sustained gesture.
A textural technique that incises or scratches marks into a surface prepared with a coating, for example, gesso
Development of related works by members of the same schools and movements of art who share common philosophical, formal, stylistic, and subject interests
One of the six categories of light
The characteristic of a color that causes it to be classified as red, green, blue, or another color
a portrait or image that is an object of veneration (usually religious veneration)
in the graphic arts, a representation of three dimensional space
A line that stops and starts again; the viewer's eye completes the movement the line suggests. Implied shape is a suggested or incomplete shape that is filled in by the viewer's eye
a line cut into a surface with a sharp implement.
a category of objective drawing, including diagrammatic, architectural, and mechanical drawing. clarifies concepts and ideas that may not be actually visible, such as a chemist's drawings of a molecular structure
The saturation, strength, or purity of a color
An invented, ,nonrepresentational pattering that may derive from actual texture but does not imitate it. may be highly stylized
the relationship of light and dark patterns on a form, determined b the actual appearance of an object and by the type and direction of light falling on it. six categories: highlight, light tone, shadow, core of shadow, reflected light, and cast shadow
a mark made by an implement as it is drawn across a surface
A type of gesture drawing that describes interior forms, utilizing line rather than mass.
the known color of an object regardless of the amount or quality of light on it
A subjective line that is gracefully ornate and decorative.
A type of gesture drawing in which the drawing medium is used to make broad marks o create mass rather than line.
an objective line that maintains its width unvaryingly along its full length
The change from light to dark across a surface; a technique for creating spatial illusion
A color scheme using only one color with its various hues and intensities
a technique that uses pictures to create a composition
different eye levels and perspectives used in the same drawing
the space surrounding a positive shape; sometimes referred to as ground, empty space, interspace, field, or void
work that intends no reference to concrete objects or persons, unlike abstraction, in which observed forms are sometimes altered to seem nonobjective.
from personal feelings; the emphasis is on the descriptive and factual rather than the expressive or subjective
One point perspective
A system for depicting 3D depth on a 2D surface, dependent upon the illusion that all parallel lines that recede into space converge at a single point on the horizon, called the vanishing point
Perceived color modified by the quality of light on it.
Free form, irregular shape
the line that provides the structure and basic organization for a drawing. also called dicative or directional line
the line that delineates only the outside edge of an object, unlike contour line, which also delineates the edge of planes
The french term for pasted paper; a technique consisting of pasting and gluing paper materials to the picture plane
a technique for giving an illusion of space to a flat surface
a technique that uses photographs to create a composition
the illusion of space. it may be relatively flat or 2D, illusionistically 3D or ambiguous space
the 2D surface on which the artist works.
an approach in which shape functions as plane, as a component of volume
a 2D continuous surface with only one direction.
the illusion of three dimensionality in a shape or mass
the shape of an object that serves as the subject for a drawing.
Red, blue, and yellow
Development by an individual artist of a personal, sustained, related series of works
Comparative relationship between parts of a whole and between the parts and the whole
one of the six categories of light.
size and weight relationships between forms
A drawing derived from a mental construct as opposed to visual information
scribbled line gesture
a type of gesture drawing using a tight network of tangled line
colors achieved by mixing primary colors; green, orange, and violet
a relatively flat space, having height and width, but limited depth
a 2D closed or implicitly closed configuration. organic or geometric
Thematic work in which the same images or subjects is used by different artists over a long period of time
the imitation of the tactile quality of a surface; can range from a suggested imitation to a highly illusionistic duplication of the subject's texture
Multiple, overlapping views of an object. solid/void
the use of stacked parallel base lines in the same composition.
Line that helps locate objects in relation to other objects and to the space they occupy. follow the direction of the planes they locate
The use side by side of varying philosophies, styles, techniques, materials, and subjects
Emphasizing the artist's emotions or personal viewpoint rather than informational content
a type of gesture drawing that begins with a quick notation of the subject and extends into a longer analysis and correction
a form or image that stands for something more than its obvious, immediate meaning
Having to do with the sense of touch and it's representation
Colors that result when a primary and secondary color are mixed
the tactile quality of a surface or its representation. the three basic types are actual, simulated, and invented.
the development of a sustained series of works that are related by subject, that have an idea or image in common
having height, width, and depth
the illusion of volume or volumetric space; that is, of space that has height, width, and depth
3 point perspective
a system or depicting 3D depth on a 2D surface. in addition to lines receding to two points on the horizon, lines parallel and vertical to the ground appear to converge to a third, vertical vanishing point
The French term for trick the eye illusionistic techniques
Space that has height and width with little or no illusion of depth, or 3D Space
2 point perspective
A system for depicting 3D depth on a 2D surface, dependent upon the illusion that all parallel lines converge at two points on the horizon
the gradation of tone from light to dark, from white through gray to black
the gradual range from white through gray to black
in one point perspective, the single spot on the horizon where all parallel lines converge
the quality of a form that has height, width, and depth; the representation of this quality.
playful, subjective line with an intuitive, childlike quality
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Art Fundamentals - Chapter 4
Art 300 Observational Drawing Vocabulary