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AP Psych Unit 10
Unit 10 Test: Intelligence, Testing, and Individual Differences Textbook chapter 11 2010/2011 AP Psych
an overall capacity to think rationally, act purposefully, and deal effectively with the environment.
the actions or procedures used to measure a concept.
a capacity for learning certain abilities.
general intelligence test
a test that measures a wide variety of mental abilities.
the ability of a test to yield the same score, or nearly the same score, each time it is given to the same person.
the ability of a test to measure what it purports to test.
a test that gives the same score when different people correct it.
establishing standards for administering a test and interpreting scores.
an average score for a designated group of people.
intelligence quotient (IQ)
an index of intelligence defined as mental age divided by chronological age and multiplied by 100.
intelligence measured by solving puzzles and other nonverbal tasks.
intelligence measured by answering questions involving vocabulary, arithmetic, and other language- or symbol-oriented tasks.
a bell-shaped curve characterized by a large number of scores in a middle area, tapering to very few extremely high and low scores.
either the possession of a high IQ or special talents or aptitudes.
the presence of a developmental disability, an IQ score below 70, or a significant impairment of adaptive behavior.
a genetic disease that allows phenylpyruvic avid to accumulate in the body...low levels of dopamine.
a disorder in which the head and brain are abnormally small.
a buildup of cerebrospinal fluid within brain cavities.
stunted growth and mental retardation caused by an insufficient supply of thyroid hormone.
a genetic disorder caused by the presence of an extra chromosome; results in mental retardation.
a genetic form of mental retardation caused by a defect in the X chromosome.
speed of processing
the speed with which a person can mentally process information
Howard Gardner's theory that there are several specialized types of intellectual ability.
Robert Sternberg's theory that there are 3 types of intelligence: analytic, creative, and practical.
generalized intelligence... some have it, some don't, some have more than others.
a test designed to minimize the importance of skills and knowledge that may be more common in some cultures than others.
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