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Wall Framing Vocabulary
Basic terms that you should know for framing in residential construction
Terms in this set (14)
A piece of 2x4 or 2x6 that is vertical in the wall frame. It is usually 92.5 inches long.
The horizontal top piece of the wall frame. It holds the studs in place.
Double Top Plate
A horizontal member used to hold walls together. It goes on top of the Top Plate.
The empty space where a window or door will be installed. It is formed by a header, trimmer studs, and sometimes a sill.
The horizontal beam that spans over a door or window rough opening.
Trimmer Stud aka Jack Stud
A vertical stud that shapes the rough opening and helps to support the weight transferred from the header. This stud runs from the bottom plate to under the header.
Short studs that are located above a header or below a sill to help stabilize the structure of a rough opening
King Stud aka Double Stud
Vertical stud placed outside the trimmer stud to add extra support to the structure of a rough opening. This stud runs from the bottom plate to the top plate.
The bottom horizontal piece of a window rough opening.
The very bottom horizontal piece of a wall frame.
Diagonal pieces of 2x4 or 2x6 that are placed at the corners of a wall frame to add extra support.
On Center (O.C.)
Measuring from the center point of a stud in order to determine spacing, rather than from the edge.
A partition wall that doesn't help to hold up the structure of a building. It only supports its own weight.
The open space in between studs of a wall frame.
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