Upgrade to remove ads
World War 1 Begins
Terms in this set (52)
one side in world war one
later joined by the U.S.
later joined by the U.S.
one side in the world war one
building up armed forces to prepare for war
young man whose assassination triggered the war
archduke franz ferdinand
the space between armies fighting each other
no mans land
fighting between fortified ditches
british passenger ship attacked and sunk by Great Britiain
message proposing an alliance between Germany and Mexico
the alliance system
what were the four main factors of world war one
some countries had made treaties promising to protect and help eachother. the mutual defense treaties split European countries into the allies and the central powers
The alliance system pulled one nation after another into a conflict
what was the alliance system?
Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serb who wanted to unite all serbs under one government
if a nation had sworn to protect another nation it had to declare war on that nations enemies
germany and austria hungary were facing great britain and russia
what sparked the war?
germany began by invading belgium. they had planned to over run France and then attack Russia
the british and french could not save belgium
by 1915 two lines of trenches developed. germany had one line and the allies had the other
where did the fighting begin?
public opinion about the war was divided because naturalized U.S. citizens stillhad ties with the countries that they came from
socialists saw the war as an imperialist struggle between german and english businessmen
pacifists believed that all wars were bad and they urged the united States to set an example for peace
americans tended to sympathize with great britian and france because they shared a common language and hertiage
how did americans feel?
the war effected american shipping because greta britain set up a blockade along the german coast to keep goods from getting through
germany began attacking shis that went into Great Britian
why did the U.S join the war?
1) the zimmerman note
2) the sinking of four unarmed american merchant ships
president wilson asked congress to declare war on Germany on April 6, 1917
what two incidents formally declared the war?
law requiring men to register for military service
selective service act
american war hero who fought the Germans in France and when war came he wanted to excused from the draft
he was a conscientious objector
he served with personal bravery and was promoted to sergeant and became popular within the United States
a person who believes fighting is wrong and therefore does not want to serve in the military
fighting based on machines like tanks and planes that was powered by gasoline and disel engines
famous american fighter pilot that fought in 134 air battles and shot down 26 enemy planes
the united states had to build up its armed forces
when war was declared only about 200,000 men were in service
how did the united states prepare for war?
the addition of men into the military
women were not drafted
women could serve as nurses, secretaries, and telephone operators
the unite states needed to get troops to europe so they began building ships
the united states also needed to reduce the loss of ships to german submarine attacks
how did the united States help?
having merchant ships travel in groups protected by warships
at first they were replacements for men killed and wounded in the allied armies and later they fought as an independent force
how did american soliders serve as origonally?
new weaponry made fighting much more destructive
1. German cannon that could fire a shell 75 miles
2. zeppelin which was a gas filled airship that Germans used to drop bombs on english cities
3. machine guns
4. poison gas
what weapons are used?
what were the two most innovative weapons?
miserable and soliders got many diseases and medical treatments were limited
what were the conditions in the trenches?
german morale was very low and german sailors and soldiers began to give up
the german kaiser left the throne
on november 11th germany agreed to a cease fire that ended the war
other countries in the central powers already surrendered
why did germany surrender?
the economy had to change from making consumer products to making weapons and war supplies
congress gave president wilson direct control over the economy. he wanted to fix prices and regulate war related industries
wages in industries went up but workers lost money due to inflation
this led to many workers joining the union
how did business and government work together?
leader of the war industries board (named by wilson)
Bernard M. Baruch
agency to improve efficiency in war related industries
helped boost production by 20%
war industries board (WIB)
head of the committee on public information (CPI) the governments propaganda agency
he was a journalist who used artists and avertising people to create thousands of posters
distributed pamphlets in many languages
laws that enacted harsh penalties against anyone opposing U.S. participation in world war one
these laws violated the spirit of the first ammendment (freedom of speech)
if newspapers violated these laws they could lose mailing privelidges
leaders were socialist and union leaders
espionage and sedition acts
movement of many african americans to nothern cities from the south because they wanted to escape racial discrimination
wanted to find jobs in northern industries
worked to settle disputes between management and labor
helped to improve working conditions
national war labor board
established to help produce and conserve food supplies
encouraged people to grow their own food and it taught them to eat differently
the government needed to raise money for the war
they increased taxes by selling war bonds
famous people spoke at rallies to promote the sales
newsapers and billboards had advertisements
created the committee on public information
how did the government win over public opinion?
the nations first propaganda agency
Committee of public information
the war brought out an anti immigrant feelings and immigrants from Germany were targeted for attack
americans with german sounding names lost their jobs, orchestras would not play german sounding music
how did the war affect civil liberties?
jailed for making a speech about the economic causes of the war
Eugene V. Debs
african american leaders were divided over the war W.E.B Du Bois believed that helping the war effort would help fighting for equality
believed that blacks should not help government that did not support equality for everyone
black women worked jobs such as truck drivers, cooks, dock workers, and builders
women volunteered at red cross and sold war bonds
how did the war effect women and blacks?
wilsons plan for world peace following world war one
an international peace keeping organization proposed by wilson and founded in 1920
wilson met with the leaders of italy, france, and great britain discuss the terms of peace
they had won the war and wanted to punish germany
united states never entered (wilson wanted access)
league of nations
the 1919 treaty that ended world war one
treaty of versailles
part of the treaty of versailles in which germany took responsibility for the war
war guilt cause
conservative senator who wanted to keep the united states out of the league of nations
did not like the idea of working with other countries
henry cabot lodge
the first five... suggested ways that wars could be avoided
1. countires should not make secret treaties with one another
2. freedom of the seas should be maintained
3. tariffs should be lowered to promote free trade
4. countires should reduce their arms
5. the interests of the colonial people should be considered
the next eight points... suggested that there be new national boundries
wilson believed in elf determination
what were the fourteen point plan?
the treaty created new national boundaries
1. establishing nine new nations, including poland, czech, and yugoslavia
2. shifting boundaries of other nations
3. carving out parts of the ottoman empire to create colonies in the middle east
the treaty took away Germanys army and navy
germany paid reparations
the treaty contain a war guilt cause
many people opposed because they thought that the treaty was too harsh and others believed it favored imperialists
what did the treaty say?
payments made by defeated countires after wars
1. harsh treatment of germany
- germany was not the only country that was militaristic but they were the only ones punished
2. the soviet union lost more territory than Germany did
- russia had been one of the allies and had suffered more casualties
3. concerned colonies
- the claims did not recognize the self determination of self determination
what were the treaty of versailles weaknesses?
the kasiers government had censored the news
economic conditions were bad in germany
germany was upset by the harsh treatment during the treaty of versailles
what led to hitlers rise in germany?
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
United States History Module 3 DBA
Chapter 11 Sections 1 - 4
Chapter 11 Sections 1 - 4
Unit 7 US history
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
01.02 ¿Quién hizo qué?... Contribuciones hispanas…
Spanish 3 Honors Vocab Lesson 01.00-01.01
Spanish 3 Honors Vocab Lesson 01.00-01.01