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American Literature Proctored Exam (Glenda Silverii)
Terms in this set (78)
Indian culture was sustained by the ________ tradition. Only a small portion has been retained and later written down in native tongues or English
The protestant reformation, the defeat of the Spanish armada, and the improving English economy
What three factors put England firmly in position to colonize America?
The starving time
1. What did the Colonists call the winter of 1609-1610?
A jackscrew from Holland
1. The Mayflower's broken main beam was repaired with what?
A topsail halyard or rope, and was pulled in with a boat hook
John Howland's life is saved aboard the Mayflower when he grabs hold of what?
The first Native American to speak to the Pilgrims of Plymouth in broken English is who?
Purify it by stopping some of the practices they did not believe in
The Puritans wanted to stay in the Church of England, but do what to it?
The Pilgrims were called what--since they wanted a clean break from the Church of England?
He dies from a disease
In Of Plymouth Plantation, Book I, what happens to one of the ship's crew who is especially mean to the Pilgrims?
Peaceful relations with the Indians, successful expeditions into the woods, order at jamestown
According to The General History, what did John Smith accomplish?
He pretended to control nature
How did Coyote trick Bear?
The Pilgrims didn't go to America first, but where?
How many Pilgrims reached Plymouth?
November 9, 1620
When did William Bradford land on Cape Cod?
What was the name of the settlement established by John Smith and his fellow explorers in 1607?
Venison, turkey, fish... opossum was not
According to William Bradford, what was on the menu of the first Thanksgiving?
The mayflower compact
The first important document of the New World was what?
A hole formed in the ground, and the girls could see their old home through the clouds.
In "The Chief's Daughter" what happened when the servant struck twice while digging up turnips?
They ridiculed him
In The General History of Virginia, what was the Indians' initial reaction to John Smith when he first tried to trade with them?
Who was Pocahontas' father?
Pocahontas married whom?
Where do the Indians think Columbus comes from?
1. That neither he nor any of his should injure or do hurt to any of their people
2. That if any of his did hurt to any of theirs, he should send the offender that they might punish him
3. That if anything were taken away from any of theirs, he should cause it to be restored; and they should do the like to his
4. If any did unjustly war against him, they would aid him; if any did war against them, he should aid them
5. He should send to his neighbors confederates to certify them of this, that they might not wrong them, but might be likewise comprised in the conditions of peace.
That when their men came to them, they should leave their bows and arrows behind them
Briefly, what major terms were agreed upon by the Puritans and the Indians--as reported by Bradford in "Of Plymouth Plantation, Book II"?
A brave noble young woman
According to Smith in "John Smith's Relation to Queen Anne of Pocahontas," what phrase best describes Pocahontas?
Ropes or lariats
What was used to return the Chief's daughters home?
Who was appointed the first governor of the Pilgrim colony?
What far away country did Samoset and Squanto travel to?
What term does John Smith use repeatedly to describe his Indian captors?
What gift did John Smith give to Opechankanough, "King" of Pamaukee?
Will not eat
Finish this motto of John Smith: "He who will not work . . . . "
It was horrifying
What did Bradford and the Pilgrims first think of the New England landscape?
When coyote jumped when bear reached for something
How did Bear discover Coyote's dishonesty?
They were naked, naïve, and giving
What does Columbus report about the Indians?
What crop helped colonists with Indian relations and economic growth?
After the winter of 1609-1610, approximately how many of the 400 settlers were still alive?
Total depravity, unconditional election, limited atonement, irresistible grace, and perseverance of the saints
From the "Puritanism in America" PowerPoint, what does TULIP stand for?
In anticipation of the need for training clergy for the new commonwealth/ to train ministers
Harvard University was founded in 1636 for what purpose?
The captivity narrative
Mary Rowlandson was best known for what type of written work (genre)?
Was Edward Taylor a successful poet in his lifetime?
Her brother in law
Who published Anne Bradstreet's works?
Anne Bradstreet is known as America's first what?
How many of Edward Taylor's poems were published in his lifetime?
Magistrate politician/ the steward of the estates of the earl of lincoln
What was Anne Bradstreet's father's occupation?
Who is "Heaven's Sugar Cake" in Edward Taylor's "Meditation 8"?
Married and a mother
Was Anne Bradstreet single, married, and/or a mother most of her life?
Which Indian tribe kidnapped Mary Rowlandson?
She was ransomed
How did Mary Rowlandson gain her freedom?
She was wounded and taken into captivity
What happened to Mary Rowlandson when the Indians attacked her village?
Where did Anne Bradstreet live with her husband and family?
Is Anne Bradstreet considered America's first feminist?
A pastor and a college presidents grandfather
What was Edward Taylor's occupation?
A spinning wheel
What common household item does Taylor wish God to make him in the poem "Huswifery"?
Articles of clothing
While among the Indians, what did Mary Rowlandson make that she traded for food or money?
She thought they were odious heathens
What was Mary Rowlandson's attitude toward the Indians?
She died in captivity
What happened to Mary Rowlandson's six-year-old daughter?
Is Anne Bradstreet best known for her poetry?
John Winthrop and he used it to describe the expectation that the Mass. Bay colony would shine like an example to the world/ a model of Christian charity/ concept of manifest destiny, moral excellence, and conscience
Who coined the term: "A city on a hill" and what did the term mean?
The Puritans believed they were in America to form what sacred city?
Salem which trials
What happened in 1692 that Puritans believed was a test from God?
Indian Powaws were compared to what feared practice?
She accepts that though she is innocent she should be put to death and she asks the magistrates to spare any future victims the same injustice.
What is the "Petition of Mary Easty" about?
What did Samuel Sewall do five years after the Salem witchcraft trials?
All of the puritans believed the Indians were savages
In his humorous "Lubberland" accounts, who became America's first humorous writer of distinction?
A dark barren country (always winter)
Where do bad people go when they die according to the Indian named Bearskin?
Threw a stone at it and killed it
What did John Woolman do to a robin when he was a young boy?
What religious denomination is John Woolman?
Shopkeeper and tailor (bookkeeper)
What was John Woolman's first job outside the home?
He believe his religious principles should come first
Why does John Woolman object to participating in the French and Indian War?
Stanton Massey, essex
Where did William Byrd live?
He housed them but refused the pay
What was John Woolman's response when ordered to house soldiers for pay?
What way to convert Indians did William Byrd suggest in his writing?
Negroes are descendants of cain
In his Journal, what does John Woolman say individuals of his time claim to justify slavery?
He says he strayed from God
In his Journal, what does John Woolman say happened to him at age sixteen?
he believes that they are accepted of Him
In his Journal, what does John Woolman say he believes about "sincere, upright-hearted people in every Society who truly [love] God"?
What city did William Byrd found and name?
What does William Byrd talk to Bearskin about?
They didn't support the war
Why did John Woolman and some other Quakers refuse to pay taxes?
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