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Chapter 15: Respiratory Emergencies (Pt. II)
Terms in this set (24)
treatment of acute pulmonary edema
-admin 100% O2
-maybe suction secretions
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
A method of ventilation used primarily in the treatment of critically ill patients with respiratory distress; can prevent the need for endotracheal intubation.
what does CPAP do
increases pressure in lungs, which opens collapsed alveoli, pushes more oxygen across the alveolar membrane, and forces fluid back into pulmonary circulation
Spontaneous pneumothorax treatment
Administer O2. Transport in position of comfort. Monitor closely
Pulmonary Embolism Treatment
oxygen therapy, thrombolytic drugs +/or anticoagulant
A genetic disorder that is present at birth and affects both the respiratory and digestive systems. Repeated lung infections.
Which of the following medications can be used for the treatment of an acute asthma attack?
What is the most appropriate method for oxygen delivery to an adult patient experiencing breathing difficulty?
Nonrebreathing mask at 15 L/min
When assisting an asthmatic patient with a small-volume nebulizer attached to oxygen, what is the appropriate flow rate for the oxygen?
In addition to asthma, which of the following conditions is associated with wheezing?
What is atelectasis?
collapse of the alveolar air spaces of the lungs.
Which type of breath sound are you more likely to hear in a person with congestive heart failure?
You arrive at a residence where you find a woman in her early 60s. She is anxious, tachycardic, and her fingertips and lips are blue. As you assess her, she coughs up frothy sputum, and you hear crackles and some wheezing as you check for breath sounds. What condition do these findings indicate?
congestive heart failure
In the mnemonic PASTE, what does the "S" stand for?
CPAP is generally used for which condition?
Acute pulmonary edema
Which of the following statements is true regarding asthma?
asthma involves excess mucus production
excessive acidity of body fluids
inflammation of the bronchioles that usually occurs in children younger than 2 years and is often caused by the respiratory syncytial virus
condition char. by chronically high blood level of CO2 in which resp. center no longer responds to high blood levels of CO2
irritation of major lung passageways from infectious dz or irritants such as smoke
infectious disease resulting in acute inflammation of the mucous membranes, primarily in the mouth and throat
ability to breathe only in an upright position
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
Severe shortness of breath, especially at night after several hours of reclining; the person is forced to sit up to breathe.
pleuritic chest pain
Sharp, stabbing pain in the chest that is worsened by a deep breath or other chest wall movement; often caused by inflammation or irritation of the pleura.
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