39 terms

Anthro 2A Final

Final
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Terms in this set (...)

Globalization
The trend toward increased cultural and economic connectedness between people, businesses, and organizations throughout the world.
hybridity
the product of cultural mixing, especially new, transcultural forms that emerge between indigenous and colonial cultures in the contact zone brought about by colonization
syncretism
the union (or attempted fusion) of different systems of thought or belief (especially in religion or philosophy)
assimilation
the process by which minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominant culture
World Bank/IMF
helps Euro countries with damaged infrastructure
Structural Violence
Physical and/or psychological harm (including repression, environmental destruction, poverty, hunger, illness, and premature death) caused by impersonal, exploitative, and unjust social, political, and economic systems.
Structural Power
Power that organizes and orchestrates the systemic interaction within and among societies, directing economic and political forces on the one hand and ideological forces that shape public ideas, values, and beliefs on the other.
Hard power
coercive power that is backed up by economic and military force
Soft Power
co-optive power that presses others through attraction and persuasion to change their ideas, beliefs, values, and behaviors
free market approach
marketplace is providing jobs that illegal immigrants are filling
commodification
the process though which something is given monetary value
Disease
pathological processes
Illness
Victim's perception and description of discomfort
Sickness
when a person's illness is accepted by society and is thus given legitimacy. Once a person is defined as sick, various dependent behaviors are condoned that otherwise might be considered unacceptable.
biomedicine
the branch of medical science that applies biological and physiological principles to clinical practice
deterritorialization
The process by which a group of people lose their territory and their traditional ways of living.
nation
a group of people with a common culture living in a territory and having a strong sense of unity (may or may not be sovereign)
state
a politically organized body of people under a single government
migration
the movement of persons from one country or locality to another
immigration
migration into a place (especially migration to a country of which you are not a native in order to settle there)
emigration
migration from a place (especially migration from your native country in order to settle in another)
xenophobia
fear or apprehension of foreigners
nativism
the belief that those born in a country are superior to immigrants (extreme xenophobia)
hegemony
the domination of one state over its allies
transnationalism
emigration to another place w/o cutting ties from the first
Labor market
the market in which workers compete for jobs and employers compete for workers
Formal economy
the legal economy that is taxed and monitored by a government and is included in a governments's gross national product
Informal economy
Economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government; and is not included in that government's Gross National Product; as opposed to a formal economy
Primary sector
better paid jobs requiring education and/or skill
Secondary sector
not requiring skill or education
miscegenation
mixing of races
Transnational families
families that maintain continual contact between members in the sending and receiving countries
Binational families
those in which some family members are american or legal citizens while others undocumented immigrants
citizenship
the status of a citizen with rights and duties
belonging
the need of individuals to feel that they are valued, respected & protected members of a community.
Nationality
the status of belonging to a particular nation by birth or naturalization
Labor Market stratification
Classification of the labor market into formal and informal economies
"Compassion Fatigue"
People hear so many problems they get tired of hearing about them
"Browning of America"
Racist view of influence of Mexican immigrants on American culture