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Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (60)

The following are examples of evidence that satisfies the requirement:

(1) Testimony of a Witness with Knowledge: testimony that an item is what it is claimed to be.

(2) Nonexpert Opinion About Handwriting: a nonexpert's opinion that handwriting is genuine, based on a familiarity with it that was not acquired for the current litigation.

(3) Comparison by an Expert Witness or the Trier of Fact: a comparison with an authenticated specimen by an expert witness or the trier of fact.

(4) Distinctive Characteristics and the Like: the appearance, contents, substance, internal patterns, or other distinctive characteristics of the item, taken together with all the circumstances.

(5) Opinion About a Voice: an opinion identifying a person's voice - whether heard firsthand or through a mechanical or electronic transmission or recording - based on hearing the voice at any time under circumstances that connect it with the alleged speaker.

(6) Evidence About a Telephone Conversation: for a telephone conversation, evidence that a call was made to the number assigned at the time to:
(A) a particular person, if circumstances, including self identification, show that the person answering was the one called; or
(B) a particular business, if the call was made to a business and the call related to business reasonably transacted over the telephone.

(7) Evidence About Public Records: evidence that:
(A) a document was recorded or filed in a public office as authorized by law; or
(B) a purported public record or statement is from the office where items of this kind are kept.

(8) Evidence About Ancient Documents or Data Compilations: for a document or data compilation, evidence that it:

(A) is in a condition that creates no suspicion about its authenticity;
(B) was in a place where, if authentic, it would likely be; and
(C) is at least 20 years old when offered.

(9) Evidence About a Process or System: evidence describing a process or system and showing that it produces an accurate result.

(10) Methods Provided by a Statute or Rule: any method of authentication or identification allowed by a federal statute or a rule prescribed by the Supreme Court.