41 terms

Articles of Confederation & Constitution

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Articles of Confederation
our first government
Great Compromise
set up a 2 house legislature
Land Ordinance of 1785
set up land into townships, each had to have a school
Shay's Rebellion
Shay & farmers attacked courthouses & warehouses in Massachusetts, proved that Articles of Confederation were not working; August, 1787
Virginia Plan
3 branches of government, 2 houses, #of votes based on population (not equal for all states); favored large states
New Jersey Plan
3 branches of government, 1 house, 1 vote per state (equal for all states); favored small states
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
set up ways for new territories to become states, outlawed slavery
Why did they create the 3/5 Compromise?
settled differences between North & South on how to count slaves for tax & representative purposes
3/5 Compromise
stated each slave would count as 3/5 of a person when counting populations for taxes & government representatives; overturned in 1865 when slavery was banned
Edmund Randolph
Virginnia Plan
William Patterson
New Jersey Plan
Roger Sherman
Great Compromise
Ben Franklin
Constitutional Conventions, older delegate @ age 81
James Madison
Father of Constitution
George Washington
1st president of the United States
How many states had to ratify the Constitution to make it law?
9 states
Delaware
1st state to ratify the Constitution; December 7, 1787
Maryland
last state to ratify the Articles of Confederation; 1787
ratify
approve
September 17, 1787
United States Constitution was signed
How many branches of government were created by the Constitution?
3 branches - legislative, executive, judicial
Legislative Branch
makes laws
Judicial Branch
decide what the laws mean (interpret), supreme court (judges)
Executive Branch
carries out laws; leader is the President of the United States
1st Amendment
freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, & petition
2nd Amendment
right to bear arms
4th Amendment
no illegal search & seizure
6th Amendment
right to speedy trial by jury
8th Amendment
no excessive bail or punishment
Federalists
defended the Constitution
Anti-Federalists
opposed ratification, felt Bill of Rights was not strong enough
checks & balances
gives each branch of government the power to check or limit the actions of the other branches; ex. president's veto power
federalism
divides power between teh states & federal government
length of Constitutional Convention
May to September, 4 months
Why did they keep convention talks secret?
they didn't want any outside pressure
Why did the 13 states not want a strong national government?
they wanted to keep most of the power to themselves
Who was the first president of the Articles of Confederation?
there was no president
What was the one good thing the Articles of Confederation did?
it was the first government so it helped start a new nation
compromise
an agreement between 2 sides
What was argued at the Constitutional Convention?
how to count slaves, how much power small states would have, how much power to give the president
In 1787, did all American colonists want a new, stronger government?
no