A&P The Skeletal System
Terms in this set (87)
3. Movement & Anchorage
5. Site of Hemopoiesis
The shaft of the bone.
The end of the diaphysis.
The center of the shaft.
The lining of the medullary canal.
The tough, fibrous tissue that covers the outside of the bone.
Covers the epiphysis.
Bone cells that deposit new bone.
4 Types of Bone
Long- arms & legs
Short- wrists, ankles, & feet
Flat- skull & ribs
Consists of the skull, spinal column, ribs, sternum, & hyoid bone.
Roof & sides of skull.
Base of the skull.
Side of the forehead. (Temples)
Between the eyes.
Key bone of the skull.
The upper jaw.
Contains the tear ducts. (Inner eyes)
Forms the hard palate of the mouth.
The lower jaw.
1st cervical vertebrae.
2nd cervical vertebrae.
Posterior pelvic girdle.
1st seven pairs.
3 pairs (not directly attached to the sternum).
(Shoulder girdles, arms, wrists, hands)
(Hip girdles, legs, ankles, feet)
Thumb side of forearm.
Bone on pinky side.
(8) wrist bones.
(5) upper hand.
Large bone of lower leg.
Bone on lateral side of lower leg.
(7) ankle bones.
(5) bone of upper foot.
Fibrous cords that connect muscle to bone.
Bound together by ligaments.
Fibrous bands that connect bones & cartilage to serve as support for muscles.
3 Types of Joints
Amphiarthroses- partially moveable
4 Diarthroses Joints
Ball & Socket
Allow greatest movement (shoulder & hip)
Move in one direction (knees, elbows, fingers)
Those with an extension rotating in a second arch shaped bone (radius & ulna, axis)
Nearly flat surfaces glide across one another (vertebrae of spine)
The act of bringing two bones closer.
The act of increasing the angle between two bones.
Away from the midline.
Toward the midline.
Includes flexion, extension, abduction and adduction.
Allows movement around one central axis.
Palm is downward or backward.
Palm is forward or upward.
Palm is forward or upward.
break in a bone.
aligigned and cast is put on
aligned through surgical intervention and a cast applied
pulling force used to hold bones in place
bone completely broken, doesn't pierce skin.
most serious, bone is broken and protruding through skin.
bone is splintered or broken into many pieces.
bone is displaced from a joint.
injury to a joint caused by a sudden movement. Ankles & wrists are common places.
2 most common types of arthritis
rheumatoid & osteoarthritis
inflammatory condition of one or more joints
chronic, autoimmune disease affecting the connective tissue and joints.
degenerative joint disease that occurs with aging. 80% of all Americans .
A joint disorder characterized by an acute inflammation commonly affecting the big toe.
A humped curvature in the thoracic area of the spine.
An exaggerated inward curvature in the lumbar region of the spine just above the sacrum.
Side-to-side or lateral curvature of the spine.
A loss of bone that leaves the bones thin, porous, and susceptible to fracture.
An infection that may involve all parts of the bone that results from an injury or systemic infection.