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31 terms

Hormones and Glands

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ACTH
Anterior pituitary - stimulates adrenal cortex
TSH
Anterior pituitary - stimulates thyroid gland
GH
Anterior pituitary - stimulates normal body growth
FSH
Anterior pituitary - stimulates ovarian follicles in females, sperm in males
LH
Anterior pituitary - ovulation and secretion of progesterone in females
ICSH
Anterior pituitary - stimulates testes to secrete testosterone
LTH
Anterior pituitary - stimulates secretion of milk from the mammary glands
MSH
Anterior pituitary - stimulates production and dispersion of melanin pigment in the skin
ADH
Posterior pituitary - antidiuretic, promotes reabsorption of water in kidneys
Oxytocin
Posterior pituitary - contraction of uterus during childbirth, stimulates milk flow from breasts
Thyroxine (T3) and Triiodothyronine (T4)
Thyroid - increase metabolic rate, stimulate physical and mental growth, regulate metabolism of protein, carbs, and fats.
thyrocalcitonin or calcitonin
accelerates absorption of calcium by bones and lowers blood calcium level
Parathormone
parathyroid - regulates calcium and phosphate
aldosterone
adrenal cortex - regulates reabsorption of sodium in kidney and elimination of potassium
cortisone
adrenal cortex - aids in metabolism of P, CHO, and F, increases the amount of glucose in blood, resistance to stress, depresses immune response
Estrogens
adrenal cortex - stimulate female sex characteristics
Androgens
adrenal cortex - stimulate male sex characteristics
Epinephrine (adrenalin)
adrenal medulla - activates sympathetic nervous system, acts in stress
norepinephrine
adrenal medulla - activates body in stress situations
insulin
pancreas - glucose metabolism
glucagon
pancreas - maintains blood level of glucose
estrogen -ovaries
promotes growth and development of sex organs in females
progesterone
maintains lining of uterus
testosterone
testes - stimulates growth and development of sex organs in male
thymosin
thymus - stimulates production of antibodies in early life
melatonin
pineal - inhibits sex hormones, regulates sleep/wake cycle
adrenoglomerulotropin
pineal - stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete aldosterone
serotonin
pineal - prevents vasoconstriction of blood vessels in the brain
estrogen - placenta
stimulates growth of reproductive organs
chorionic gonadatropin
placenta - causes corpus luteum of ovary to continue secretions
progesterone - placenta
maintains lining of uterus to provide fetal nutrition