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Old Testament Bible Characters

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Adam
The first man, created from dust, "by one man sin entered the world" (Rom 5:12)
Eve
The first woman, created from Adam's rib, mother of all living, ate forbidden fruit
Cain
Offered an unacceptable offering; he killed his brother Abel
Abel
His animal offerings was accepted by God; he was killed by his brother Cain
Noah
Blameless before the flood; built the ark; 8 people saved; rainbow; got drunk!
Ham
Son of Noah; his son Canaan cursed because Ham looked on his father's nakedness
Shem
Son of Noah; the seed line Jesus came from and Jews came from
Japeth
Son of Noah; 3 sons of Noah and their wives saved on the ark
Abraham
Father of believers; left Ur; nation/land/seed promise given to him; 1st patriarch
Lot
Abraham's nephew; given choice of land; saved from Sodom and Gomorrah; Lot's wife
Sarah
Abraham's wife; gave birth to Isaac at age 90
Eleazar
Abraham's servant who went to Haran to find a wife for Isaac
Hagar
Sarah's handmaid who bore Ishmael; Abraham cast Hagar and Ishmael out
Ishmael
Abraham's son by Hagar; Arab nomads descended from him; persecuted Isaac
Rebekkah
Wife found in Haran for Isaac by Eleazar; helped Jacob deceive his dying father Isaac
Jacob
Isaac's son; seed line of Jesus; 20 years with Laban; 12 sons by 2 wives and 2 handmaids
Esau
Jacob's twin brother; Jacob took his birthright and blessing; father of Edomites
Joseph
One of Jacob's 12 sons; his favorite; sold into slavery in Egypt; 2nd to Pharoah; resisted Potiphar's wife; saved family from famine; brought Jacob's family to Goshen
Benjamin
Joseph's youngest brother; he and Joseph were Jacob's favorite sons
Levi
One of Jacob's 12 sons; his descendants became the priestly tribe
Judah
One of Jacob's 12 sons; the kings and the Messiah came from his tribe
Moses
Led Israelite slaves out of Egypt; parted Red Sea; gave Law and 10 commandments at Mt. Sinai; 40 years Egypt/40 in Midain/40 in wilderness; not allowed to enter Canaan
Aaron
Moses' brother and his spokesman; made the golden calf; first high priest
Miriam
Moses' sister and a prophetess; criticized Moses' marriage and was struck with leprosy
Jethro
Moses' father-in-law and advisor; father of Moses' wife Zipporah
Balaam
Prophet paid by Balak, king of Moab, to curse Israel as they passed; his donkey spoke
Caleb
One of 2 spies (the other Joshua) who said Israel could defeat the Canaanites
Joshua
Moses' successor; led Israel into Canaan; asked God to make sun stand still in battle
Rahab
Harlot in Jericho; was spared when walls fell because she hid the Israelite spies
Achan
Took forbidden items from Jericho; was stoned and burned with his family
Judges
16 men chosen by God to defeat Israel's enemies who oppressed Israel
Gideon
Judge of Israel, defeated Midianites with 300 men; asked for signs with the fleece
Deborah
The only woman judge; defeated Sisera with Barak's help
Jephthah
The foolish judge who vowed to offer the 1st thing out of his house (his daughter)
Samson
Strong judge due to his Nazarite vow and long hair; wife Delilah betrays him
Ruth
Naomi's Moabite daughter-in-law; stayed with Naomi; married Boaz; bore Obed
Samuel
The last judge; had wicked sons; the first of the line of prophets
Hannah
Samuel's mother who was accused of being drunk while praying for a son
Eli
The high priest who reared Samuel; had 2 wicked sons whom God killed
Saul
1st king of the united kingdom; didn't wait for Samuel to offer a sacrifice; didn't kill all the Amalekites as God commanded; tried to kill David; kingdom taken from him
Jonathon
Saul's son who was a loyal friend of David
Ishbosheth
Saul's son who was made king after Saul died by Abner, Saul's general
David
2nd king of the united kingdom; the man after God's own heart; wrote Psalms
Goliath
Philistine giant who ridiculed Saul's army; killed by David with sling/stone
Nathan
Prophet who rebuked David for his sin with Bathsheeba
Amnon
David's son who raped Tamar, his half-sister
Absalom
David's son who rebelled and drove David from Jerusalem; hair hung in a tree
Nabal
Rich foolish man who was saved by wife Abigail from David's wrath
Mephibosheth
Crippled son of Jonathon who was shown mercy by David
Shimei
Man who cursed David and threw rocks at him as David fled Jerusalem
Adonijah
David's son whom he had never crossed; tried to take David's throne when he died
Solomon
3rd king of the united kingdom; built the temple; worshipped the gods of his 1000 wives and concubines; wisdom instead of wealth; Proverbs; Ecclesiastes; the kingdom split
Queen of Sheba
Came to hear the wisdom of Solomon; "the half has not been told"
Rehoboam
Son of Solomon; 1st king of the southern kingdom of Judah (2 tribes: Judah/Benjamin)
Jereboam
Evil 1st king of the northern kingdom of Israel (10 tribes) after the kingdom split
Elijah
Great prophet; defeated Baal's 400 prophets at Mt. Carmel; taken up in a chariot
Jezebel
Wicked wife of Ahab, king of Israel; had Naboth killed to get his vineyard for Ahab
Jehu
King of Israel appointed to destroy Ahab's family; had Jezebel thrown down to death
Elisha
Took Elijah's place; received double portion of his power; healed Namaan of leprosy
Namaan
Syrian general healed by Elisha by dipping 7 times in the River Jordan
Asa
Good king of Judah; victory over Ethiopians by prayer; died of diseased feet
Uzziah
Good king of Judah; strong military might; offered incense and died a leper
Isaiah
Great prophet to kings of Judah; made many Messianic prophecies
Sennacherib
Assyrian king who took 10 tribes captive in 722 BC and tried to destroy Jerusalem
Hezekiah
Good king of Judah; observed Passover; took the threatening letter from Sennacherib to God; Jerusalem was spared; given 15 extra years to live; showed treasure to Babylon
Josiah
Boy king of Judah; found the lost book of the law when repairing the temple
Jeremiah
The weeping prophet; thrown into cistern for predicting the fall of Jerusalem in 586 BC
Jehoiakim
Wicked king of Judah who cut Jeremiah's scroll with knife and burned it
Zedekiah
Last king of Judah before Babylon destroyed Jerusalem and the temple in 586 BC
Ezekiel
Prophesied from Babylon of the fall of Jerusalem in 586 BC; uses much of the same figurative apocalyptic language as found in the book of Revelation
Daniel
Taken captive to Babylon; predicted the next 4 world empires; saved from lions' den
Nebuchadnezzar
King of Babylon who destroyed Jerusalem and the temple; saw vision of statue
Belshazzar
King of Babylon whose doom was predicted by the handwriting on the wall
Shadrach, Meshach, Abednego
3 Hebrew youths with Daniel; thrown into the fiery furnace
Cyrus
King of Persia who allowed the Jews to return to Canaan after 70 years in Babylon
Ezra
Scribe who led the 2nd return from Babylon to reform keeping of the law
Joshua, Zerubbabel
Led the 1st return from Babylon to rebuild the temple
Haggai, Zechariah
Prophets who got the Jews to resume the work on the temple after stopped 16 years
Esther
Replaced Vashti as queen of Persia; saved the Jews from Haman's plot
Mordecai
Esther's relative who refused to bow to Haman; helped Esther save the Jews
Nehemiah
Led the 3rd return from Babylon to rebuild the walls around Jerusalem
Malachi
Last book Old Testament before 400 silent years; predicted Elijah to come (John the Baptist)