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Chapter 1- Research Methods
Terms in this set (24)
as a research producer, you have to know how to randomly assign groups, measure attitudes accurately, and how to interpret results from a graph. Teaches you how to ask questions and how psychologists think. You have to know how to properly conduct research.
develop ability to read about research, understand it, learn from it, ask questions, and understand research questions
a type of communication in which a person provides assistance to a student by pointing to symbols or letters
facilitated communication consumer and producer mistake
Since the facilitator basically cues the patient, there isn't support for the efficacy of this method, so as a producer, it's a fail. As a consumer, one should reconsider before paying money for the course since FC doesn't really help anyways.
-scientists collect data to test, change, or update their theories
-most important cycle
-theories should be falsifiable as well
Basic-Applied Research Cycle
The reciprocity between applied research and basic research
Peer Review Cycle
Process of having a work published and contribute to society.
Journal to Journalism Cycle
a source that us meant to reach the general population, they are easy o access and do not require specialized education to read.
set of statements that describe general principles about how variable relate to one another
prediction, specific outcome a researcher expects.
what criteria determine if a theory is a GOOD theory?
- good theories are supported by data
-Parsimonious: simple, not proving anything
how does transitional research provide a bridge between basic and applied research?
basic researchers may not have an applied context in mind, and applied researchers may be less familiar with basic theories and principles. Traditional researchers attempt to translate the findings of basic research.
use of lessons from basic research to develop and test applications to health care, psychotherapy, or other forms of treatment and intervention
what does it mean for journals to be peer-reviewed? What does this process entail?
peer-review means that several specialists in the field read over a potential journal entry and they tell them what needs to be fixed. Then the editor relays the information to the scientist, the scientist makes the necessary revisions, and if all goes well, the article gets published.
whats the big issue related to making sure that journal-to-journalsim cycle get things right?
journalists sometimes misinterpret research findings-create dramatic stories and add unimportant information.
Mozart affect- explains how journalists might misinterpret science when writing for a popular audience- they basically take tidbits of the findings and draw false conclusions IE listening to motzart makes you smarter, based off of a study stating that listening to motzart improved spatial temporal task performance.
-everyone has one
-based on our individual experiences
-shapes how we view the world
-very difficult to change
How did Harry Harlow use the theory-data cycle to examine the contact comfort theory vs. the cupboard theory of attachment?
Harlow used the 2 theories ( to make two specific predictions about how the monkeys would interact with each mother then he used the data he recorded to support only one of his theories.
not intended to address specific practical prob. Goal is to enhance general knowledge (ex: understand visual system, learn more about infant attachment)
done with practical prob in mind, researchers hope findings will be directly applied to that problem (ex: new treatments for depression, new way to teach math)
Which job is most likely to be a producer of research skills, rather than a consumer of research skills?
To be an empiricist, one should:
Base one's conclusions on direct observations
A statement or set of statements, that describes general principles about how variables are related to one another is a(n) ____
Why is publication such an important part of the empirical process?
Because publication contributes to making empirical observations independently verifiable.
Which of the following research questions best illustrates an example of basic research?
Can 2-month-old babies tell the difference between 4 objects and 6 objects?
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