Upgrade to remove ads
APUSH Gilden Age & Populism Quiz
Terms in this set (44)
Lousia May Alcott
Author of Little Women. An important female figure in American Literature.
Popular novelist during the Industrial Revolution who wrote "rags to riches" books praising the values of hard work, "pluck and luck" idea
Charitable donation to public causes by the rich
Gospel of Wealth
This was a book written by Carnegie that described the RESPONSIBILITY of the rich to be philanthropists. This softened the harshness of Social Darwinism as well as promoted the idea of philanthropy.
A set of ideas, also referred to as "scientific management," developed by Frederick Winslow Taylor, involving simple, coordinated operations in industry. Subdivided work into simple tasks to improve efficiency
In the 1800s he enlarged fresh meat markets through branch slaughterhouses and refrigeration. He monopolized the meat industry.
A nineteenth-century ideal that celebrated men who rose to wealth or social prominence from humble origins through self-discipline, hard work, and temperate habits
1870s - 1890s; time period looked good on the outside, despite the corrupt politics & growing gap between the rich & poor, growth of capitalism
American industralist and philanthropist. He revolutionized the petroleum industry and defined the structure of modern philanthropy. He founded "Standard Oil". His fortune was mainly used to create the modern systematic approach of philanthropy with foundations that had a major effect on medicine, education, and scientific reserach. He was a horizontal integrationer (joining competiting businesses in one area).
Established in 1870, it was a integrated multinational oil corporation lead by Rockefeller, both horizontal and vertical, monopoly over petroleum
Banker who buys out Carnegie Steel and renames it to U.S. Steel. Was a philanthropist in a way; he gave all the money needed for WWI and was payed back. Was one of the "Robber barons"
a company or group of people authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law. Fueled by 30s/40s laws allowing for selling of stocks, so corps could take on larger projects
Complete control of a product or business by one person or group, raises prices, helped create upper class, destroy self-made idea
Started with railroads, A Scottish-born American industrialist and philanthropist who founded the Carnegie Steel Company in 1892. By 1901, his company dominated the American steel industry. Rags to riches,
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
First federal action against monopolies, it was signed into law by Harrison and was extensively used by Theodore Roosevelt for trust-busting. However, it was initially misused against labor unions
Knights of Labor
1st effort to create National union. Open to everyone but lawyers and bankers, including females. Vague program, no clear goals, weak leadership and organization. Failed
Haymarket Square Riot
A demonstration of striking laborers in Chicago in 1886 that turned violent, killing a dozen people and injuring over a hundred.
A labor union formed in 1886 by Samuel Gompers in order to voice the working class (only highly skilled laborers). It fought against labor forces and debated work conditions for skilled workers. Utilized Strikes.
a dressmaker in Chicago until a fire destroyed her business. She then devoted her life to the cause of workers. Supported striking railroad workers in Pittsburg, and traveled around the country organizing coal miners and campaigning for improved working conditions. Helped pave the way for reform.
in Chicago, Pullman cut wages but refused to lower rents in the "company town", Eugene Debs had American Railway Union refuse to use Pullman cars, Debs thrown in jail after being sued, strike achieved nothing
Idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs.
Taxes on goods (ie McKinley Tariff)
Social gospel movement
A social reform movement that developed within religious institutions and sought to apply the teachings of Jesus directly to society
Pendleton Service Act
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service so that hiring and promotion would be based on merit rather than patronage. (skill tests)
The belief that only the fittest survive in human political and economic struggle.
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
Practice where a single entity controls the entire process of a product, from the raw materials to distribution
Absorption into a single firm of several firms involved in the same level of production and sharing resources at that level
Children were viewed as laborers throughout the 19th century. Many children worked on farms, small businesses, mills and factories.
An active, militant Irish organization of farmers based in the Pennsylvania anthracite coal fields who are believed responsible for much violence against bosses- made of middle class
The killing floor
had to do with the meat industry, presumably where people worked to process meat (??)
Henry Clay Frick
Manager of the Carnegie Steel plant outside of Pittsburgh, PA who barricaded the plant and hired armed Pinkerton guards to attack striking workers after he cut their pay
Socialist, union boss. Leader of the American Railway Union, he voted to aid workers in the Pullman strike. He was jailed for six months for disobeying a court order after the strike was over.
1892 steelworker strike near Pittsburgh against the Carnegie Steel Company. Ten workers were killed in a riot when "scab" labor was brought in to force an end to the strike.
Boys that worked in the coal mines for low pay and under dangerous conditions
populism / people's party
a political movement to increase farmers political power and work for legislation (laws) to protect their interests. This is an example of a third political party gaining power in U.S. history. The party lost the election and died out, but most of their issues were later adopted: direct election of US Senators, laws to regulate railroad companies and banks, secret ballots, stronger and larger federal government.
Political issue involving the unlimited coinage of silver, supported by farmers and William Jennings Bryan
became well known during the early 1890's for her actions as a speaker for the populist party. She was a tall, strong woman who made numerous and memorable speeches on behalf of the downtrodden farmer. She denounced the money-grubbing government and encouraged farmers to speak their discontent with the economic situation.
Populist Platform of 1892
A classic document of American reform, it spoke of a nation "brought to the verge of moral, political, and material ruin" by political corruption and economic inequality. The platform put forth a long list of proposals to restore democracy and economic opportunity, many of which would be adopted during the next half-century: the direct election of U.S. senators, government control of the currency, a graduated income tax, a system of low-cost public financing to enable farmers to market their crops, public ownership of railroads, and recognition of the right of workers to form unions.
cross of gold
An impassioned address by William Jennings Bryan at the 1896 Deomcratic Convention, in which he attacked the "gold bugs" who insisted that U.S. currency be backed only with gold.
fusion vs mid-rangers
wanted to merge with dems / didn't
end of the populist party
gambled on fusion, lost, that was it
took presidency just as economy began to revive, gold discoveries increased the money supply under gold standard, resulted in inflation, farm prices rose, factory production increased, stock market climbed, well liked, well traveled, made US a world power
He was a Democratic candidate for President three times, supporter of American farmers, gave cross of gold speech
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
APUSH Period 6 1865-1898
APUSH Period 6 1865-1898
Chapter 17 Vocabulary
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
French Hero Vocabulary
French Consumerism Vocabulary
Health Midterm 2020
APUSH 16 Vocab Brinkley
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Autonomic NS Lecture
Hypothalamic, Pituitary and Thyroid
470 Chapter 10