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Shaver Unit 1 Test
Terms in this set (48)
What is the result of living as a responsible member of a community?
The community is better able to fulfill its purpose and we are growing as the people God created us to be
How does both faith and science support the premise that humans are meant to live in community?
Neuroscientists have determined that the human brain is the only brain that requires a community in order to develop correctly, this supports Divine Revelation.
"Church" is defined as the name given the assembly of the People God has called together from the ends of the earth. The Church is one, holy, catholic, and apostolic.
What is the meaning of the Latin words imago Dei? How does imago Dei relate to human beings?
Imago Dei means "image of God," which all of us are.
How does Deuteronomy 7:9 describe God?
Deuteronomy describes God as faithful, who keeps his promises to those who love him and obey his commandments.
Define "Covenant." What do covenants require of those in them?
A covenant is a solemn agreement. Covenants require mutual commitments between God and his people.
"Salvation" is defined as the forgiveness of sins and restoration of friendship with God, which can be done by God alone.
God and Abraham entered into a Covenant, which was the beginning of the story of God gathering a people. In this story, what was God preparing the world for?
God prepares the world for the coming of Jesus Christ.
What four promises did God make to Abraham?
1. God promised Abraham a great nation.
2. God promises to bless Abraham.
3. God promises to make Abraham's name a blessing.
4. God promises to bless or curse those who bless or curse Abraham.
The story in Exodus 3:7-8,10 repeats what common theme in Sacred Scripture?
It repeats the theme of salvation
Scripture tells us that the Israelites were taken into exile as a result of their infidelity to God and to one another. What purpose did God intend by sending the prophets to them? What did God promise through the prophets?
God wanted to bring freedom and justice to his people, so he sent the prophets. He promised through the prophets a new outpouring of love on his people.
When did God deliver the Law to the Israelites? What is central to the Law?
God presented the Law of the Covenant to the Israelites after he brought them out of slavery in Egypt. The central to the law was the Ten Commandments.
What message did Isaiah the prophet proclaim to the Israelites while they were in Exile?
Isaiah proclaimed that there will be a coming of a new kingdom in which God's reign would prevail.
Approximately 1,400 years after the death of Moses, Jesus was born in fulfillment of God's Covenant to humanity. What is the connection between Jesus and the prophet Isaiah?
Jesus was a living example of the coming of the Kingdom of God which Isaiah foretold.
Jesus is thought of as the "New Adam." Describe the correlation between the Creation account in Genesis and the life and ministry of Jesus.
Jesus is the re-creation of the world.
Sacrifice is a ritual offering made to God by a priest on behalf of the people, as a sign of adoration, gratitude, supplication, and communion.
As responsible members of the Church community, what are we "called" to work toward and prepare for?
We are called to work toward bringing about the Kingdom of God and to prepare for its fullness when Christ comes again at the end of time.
What is the principal agent of the whole of the Church's mission?
The principal is that the Holy Spirit is the protagonist.
What is the sustaining power of the Church from its very beginning, to the present and into the future?
The Holy Spirit
What is "the visible sign of the hidden mystery of the Spirit at work in the world?"
The church, which is the Temple of the Holy Spirit
What do graces do for the Church and for individual members of the Church?
They guide and strengthen the whole Church and individual members to unfold the mission of Christ.
What commission did the risen Jesus give to St. Peter and the other disciples?
Jesus gave the fire of the Holy Spirit to St. Peter and the disciples.
How did St. Paul describe the Church to his companion Timothy?
Paul tells Timothy that "The Church is the pillar and bulwark of the truth revealed in Jesus"
When do the foundations of the Church start?
The beginning of the creation of the universe
What special place do human beings hold in the universe?
We are the universe made conscious
Why was Salvation History necessary?
We sinned against God and his creation
Why is the beginning of the universe the foundation of the Church?
The beginning is when God initiated the plan of the Church as an integral part
Who was St. Polycarp? How did he die?
The 2nd Bishop of Smyrna who learned from St. John and wrote the letter to the Philippians. He died as a martyr by being burned and stabbed.
What are we made for?
Communion with God
How was the Church present in the Old Testament?
Through the covenants and preparing of God's people
What was the purpose of God's covenants?
To unite him with humanity
Why were the Israelites God's chosen people?
The Israelites were Jacob's descendants
Why did God have chosen people?
To introduce his idea of monotheism
How did God react to Israel's disobedience?
Created a new covenant
How was the Church present in David's covenant?
The Church is the temple and kingdom that David was promised
What is the ultimate fulfillment of the Old Testament covenants?
Jesus and the Church
How does the Incarnation relate to God's desire for communion with us?
Incarnation made it possible for us to go to Heaven, and we find the divinity and communion in Jesus
Explain the connections of Jesus with Adam and with David
Adam introduced sin into the world and Jesus saved us from those sins. Jesus fulfilled David's covenant
How is the Church present and hidden in Jesus' public ministry?
Present in the divine person in Jesus and his teachings. Hidden because it wasn't fully revealed.
Through which even could we say Jesus was instituting the Church?
The Last Supper
How is Gnosticism different from Catholicism?
Gnostics believe that Jesus was not human and just divine. Gnostics believe in a god who created evil and a god who sent Jesus.
How is the Church revealed at Pentecost?
The Holy Spirit empowered the Apostles to spread Jesus' teachings.
How did Ignatius of Antioch react to his impending execution?
Embraced being eaten by lions
Explain the relationship between God's plan, Salvation History, the Church, and the Universe
God's plan is communion with us. Salvation history is God's actions to bring about that communion. The Church continues the work of God. We must be in communion with the universe to be in communion with God.
How are we designed for communion?
We are wired for empathy and compassion. We breathe in the same argon atoms as the rest of the world
How does communion with God require communion with each other and with the universe?
If we are going to love and be connected to the Creator, we need to love and be connected to creation.
How is the Parousia the culmination of Salvation History?
The Parousia is the completion of the work of Salvation
When/Where is the Church perfected? Why?
At the end of time in Heaven
what did esau plan to do to jacob?
Why were Hagar and Ishmael sent away?
what are the 3 characteristics of natural law?
what were the terms of the abrahamic covenant
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