the mayas, aztecs, chibchas, incas, pacific northwest, hopewell, anasazi, mississippians, algonquian speaking, iroquian speaking, and muskogean speaking, - knowledge of new technology made full-rigged sailing ships capable of ocean voyages, more accurate navigation techniques and maps, and better weapons
- ambition to explore territories like the indies, make money, spread christianity
0coincided with the rise of modern science, global trade, commercial towns, modern factories, decline of feudalism and formation of nations
-protestant reformation and catholic counter reformation
-resurfacing of old sins: greed, conquest, exploitation, oppression, racism, slavery
arrived from northwest and lived in the basin of mexico, they founded Tenochtitlán in 1325 and gradually expanded control of neighboring tribes, they had a thriving commerce in gold, silver, copper, pearls, and agricultural products, in 1513 housed about 5 million people, had interconnected roads with rest stops, gods were aligned with natural forces (sun, sky, wind, fire, water), sacrificed women, slaves, and children iguanas, bison, cougars, armadillos, opossums, sloths, hummingbirds, turkeys, guinea pigs, llamas, and alpacas were.....