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AP Government: Chapter 9 The Bureaucracy
Terms in this set (20)
A set of complex hierarchical departments, agencies, commissions, and their staff that exist to help a chief executive officer carry out his or her duties. Bureaucracies may be private organizations of governmental units.
the firing of public-office holders of a defeated political party and their replacement with loyalists of the newly elected party.
Jobs, grants, or other special favors that are given as rewards to friends and political allies for their support.
Reform measure that created the Civil Service Commission to administer a partial merit system. The act classified the federal service by grades, to which appointments were made based on the results of a competitive examination. It made it illegal for federal political appointees to be required to contribute to a particular political party.
civil service system
The system created by civil service laws by which many appointments to the federal bureaucracy are made.
the system by which federal civil service jobs are classified into grades, or levels, to which appointments are made on the basis of performance on competitive examinations.
independent regulatory commission
an agency created by Congress that is generally concerned with a specific aspect of the economy.
Major administrative units with responsibility for a broad area of government operations. Departmental status usually indicates a permanent national interest in a particular governmental function, such as defense, commerce, or agriculture.
business established by Congress to perform functions that can be provided by private businesses (such as the U.S. Postal Service).
independent executive agency
Governmental unit that closely resembles a Cabinet department but has a narrower are of responsibility (such as the Central Intelligence Agency) and is not part of any Cabinet department
law enacted in 1939 to prohibit civil servants from taking activist roles in partisan campaigns. This act prohibited federal employees from making political contributions, working for a particular party, or campaigning for a particular candidate.
Federal Employees Political Activities Act
1993 liberalization of the Hatch Act. Federal employees are now allowed to run for office in nonpartisan elections and to contribute money to campaigns in partisan elections
the process by which a law or policy is put into operation by the bureaucracy.
the relatively stable relationships and patterns of interaction that occur among an agency, interest groups, and congressional committees or subcommittees.
the loose and informal relationships that exist among a large number of actors who work in broad policy areas.
Working groups created to facilitate coordination of policy making and implementation across a host of governmental agencies.
the ability of bureaucrats to make choices concerning the best way to implement congressional intentions.
A quasi-legislative administrative process that has the characteristics of a legislative act.
Rules that govern the operation of a particular government program that have the force of law
a quasi-judicial process in which a bureaucratic agency settles disputes between two parties in a manner similar to the way courts resolve disputes.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP Government: Chapter 7 Congress
AP Government: Chapter 10 Judiciary
AP Government: Chapter 8 The Presidency
AP Government: Chapter 16 Interest Groups
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