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SOCIOLOGY EXAM 1
Terms in this set (73)
the study of society
one of the social sciences
someone who approaches the social world by using knowledge that is practical or taken for granted
a mindset that allows to understand the relationship between our own situation in life and what is happening at a social level, coined by C. mills
the sense of disorientation you experience upon entering a new environment
examines small group interactions to see how they impact larger institutions in society
examines large-scale social structures to determine how they impact groups and individuals
ways of thinking, or "theoretical umbrellas," meant to provide a broad explanation for the way things work
the three paradigms are
1. structural functionalism
2. conflict theory
3. symbolic interactionism
- sees social conflict as the basis of society and social change
-focuses on social inequality
the founder of conflict theory, thought capitalism was bad; thought is caused social inequality and class conflict
Kimberly Williams Crenshaw
intersectionality; critical race theory/conflict theory
connect theory to conflict theory
society is viewed as an ordered system of interrelated parts, or structures
sense of normlessness or loss of connections to thee social world caused by rapidly changing norms and conditions of modern life (ex. the joker)
meaning is created through interaction with others
a change in the way we think about some aspect of life, when research and data provee something wrong.
a procedure for acquiring knowledge by collecting data through observation and experiment.
scientific guess about what you expect to find
two or more things that a researcher believes are related
a search of existing research
Data in the form of words
relationship between two variables
a relationship in which one variable causes another variable to change
spending a long amount of time getting to know a community or group, gathers thick descriptions of small groups of social life
the researcher both observes and becomes a member in a social setting.
more than one word answer
formal tests of specific variables and effects that are performed in a setting where all aspects of the situation can be controlled.
participants that receive the experimental "treatment" or "intervention
participants that continue without intervention so they can be compared with the experimental group
social network analysis
(SNA) is used to study the social relationships between two or more individuals.
the extent to which respondents are aware they are being studied
protects the identity of responders
an opinion a researcher might have that could affect the research
the entire way of life for a group of people
ex: culture is learned
Ethnocentric people tend to see other cultures as abnormal- they use there own culture as a standard of judgement
symbolic culture- Has meaning behind it
ex: peace signs, emojis, flags
includes the objects associated with a cultural group, such as tools, machines, utensils, buildings, and artwork.
signs that we make with our body; hand gestures; facial expressions,, they are not universal
loosely enforced norms--casual (ex: nodding)
a norm that carries great moral significance, is closely related to the core values of a cultural group, and often involves severe repercussions for violators
a norm ingrained so deeply that even thinking about violating it evokes strong feelings of disgust, horror, or revulsion (unthinkable)
to the values, norms, and practices of the group within society that is most powerful in terms of wealth, prestige, status, and influence. (ex. christmas)
a group within society that openly rejects society's values and norms
ex of countercultural
hippies in the 60's
a group within society that is differentiated by its distinctive values, norms, and lifestyle.
the dissemination of material and symbolic cultures from one group to another.
ex of cultural diffusion
kpop in America and American pop in Korea
the process of learning and internalizing the values, beliefs, and norms of our social group.
what/who is thee first agent of socialization?
George Hebert Mead
the development of self
1. prep stage
2. play stage
3. game stage
thinking ex: chess
who came up with the 3 elements of the mind?
What were the 3 elements of the mind according to freud?
in the middle
we develop things about ourselves based on the feedback we get from others
impression management ex
covering tattoos for an interview
the hidden curiculum
(a set of values and behaviors such as punctuality, neatness, discipline, hard work, competition, and obedience) that teaches many of the behaviors deemed important later in life.
(bootcamp or Prison), largely cut off from society
face-to-face interaction or being in the presence of others
most important status in social interactions
making assumptions about what another person is like based on their master status without getting to know the person.
the set of behaviors expected from a particular status
the process of leaving a role (ex. principal leaving)
occurs when roles associated with a single status clash
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