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64 terms

World War I

Information regarding World War I.
STUDY
PLAY
1914-1918
Years of World War I.
Militarism, Alliances, Nationalism, Imperialism, Assassination
Causes of World War I.
Black Hand
Serbian terrorist group responsible for assassinating Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
militarism
Policy of building up strong military forces to prepare for war.
Germany
Country with greatest increase in military expenditures between 1910 and 1914.
alliances
Agreements between nations to aid and protect one another.
Austria-Hungary; Serbia
Original participants in World War I.
nationalism
Pride or devotion in one's country.
Pan-Germanism
Movement to unify the people of all German-speaking countries.
Pan-Slavism
Movement to unify all Slavic people of Eastern Europe.
imperialism
One country dominating over another country economically and politically.
trade, resources, power/pride
Three significant aspects of imperialism.
assassination
Murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Sarajevo, Bosnia
Location of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Duchess Sophie
Duchess of Austria-Hungary assassinated with Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
28 June 1914
Date of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Gavrilo Princip
Assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
Powers in the pre-war Triple Alliance.
Great Britain, France, Russia
Powers in the pre-war Triple Entente.
Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, Ottoman Empire
Four countries known as the "Central Powers."
France, Great Britain, Russia
Three of 27 countries known as the "Allies."
neutrality
Nonparticipation in a dispute or war.
Pals battalions
Groups of men who worked or lived together joining the army to fight together.
7 years
Length of full-time service in the British military.
5 years
Length of time in the British National Reserve.
attestation
Filling out forms, receiving medical examinations, and 'taking the King's shilling' before returning home and receiving instructions.
tommy
Slang for a British soldier.
6 to 8 weeks
Length of basic training and specialized training.
posters
Media commonly used for propaganda.
justification, men, money, resources
Four aims of propaganda.
conscription
The drafting of soldiers into the military.
Schlieffen Plan
German invasion of France around Paris via Belgium.
First Battle of the Marne
1914 battle on the Western Front with France against Germany, resulting in a French victory.
Battle of Tannenberg
Battle on the Eastern Front with Russia against Germany, resulting in a German victory.
Battle of Galicia
Battle on the Eastern Front with Russia against Austria-Hungary, resulting in a Russian victory.
Battle of Verdun
1916 battle on the Western Front with France against Germany, resulting in a stalemate.
Battle of Gallipoli
Battle at the Middle Eastern Theater with Britain and France against the Ottoman Empire, resulting in an Ottoman victory.
Second Battle of the Marne
Battle on the Western Front with France, Britain, United States, and Italy against Germany, resulting in an allied victory.
Battle of Somme
Battle on the Western Front with Britain and France against Germany, with an indecisive result.
Western front
Frontier between Germany and France, primarily.
Eastern front
Frontier between Germany and Russia, primarily.
stalemate
Battle with no decisive winner.
No Man's Land
Dangerous territory between the trenches on the Western front.
stand to
Morning guard against dawn raids.
morning hate
Morning ritual where both sides would relieve tension with machine gun fire or shelling and small arms fire, directed at no particular target.
rats, frogs, lice, trench fever, trench foot
Five challenges inside trenches.
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Leader of Germany during World War I.
King George V
Leader of the United Kingdom during World War I.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria and heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne before World War I.
Gavrilo Princip
Member of the Black Hand who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Lord Kitchener
Organizer of British volunteer army, appearing on propaganda posters.
Woodrow Wilson
President of the United States during World War I.
RMS Lusitania
Boat sunk by German U-boats killing 1,198 of the 1,959 people on board.
Zimmerman note
Diplomatic proposal from the German Empire to Mexico to make war against the United States.
German collapse
Result of the entering of the United States into the war.
armistice
Agreement to end fighting on the Western front.
Fourteen Points
Woodrow Wilson's plan for peace following World War I delivered to Congress.
Paris Peace Conference
1919 conference of Allied victors to discuss dealing with Germany and the other defeated nations.
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty ending war between Germany and the Allied powers, assigning blame to Germany in Article 231.
Finland, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary
8 new countries in Europe.
Big Bertha
43-ton German howitzer used to destroy forts.
mustard gas
A toxic war gas with sulfide based compounds that raises blisters and attacks the eyes and lungs.
chlorine gas
A toxic war gas that acts as a choking agent, searing the lining of the respiratory tract.
zeppelins
Floating airships that the Germans used to drop bombs, despite their vulnerability to being shot down.