Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Claude Bernard

Famous for his discoveries about the pancreas and its role in digestion; Set up his experiments with different possible results so that the result of the experiment would give a conclusive statistical answer to the problem; Studied the nervous system and the digestive system thoroughly; Studied diabetes; suggested that sugar in the blood was not always a symptom of the disease; Discovered that the vasomotor nerves regulated the blood supply to the organs; working with curare, he found that it attacked the motor nerves only; proposed that nerves could be identified as motor or sensory; suggested that animal vivisection was more acceptable than experimentation on humans; pointed out that repeatability of experiments with animals should be expected

Elizabeth Blackwell

First female doctor in the United States; Born Quaker; family moved to Ohio run a sugar refinery without slave labor; Accepted at Geneva College in NY after student vote because they thought it was a hoax; endured a lot of ridicule; Could not practice in the US; advised to go to Paris; contracted a serious eye infection from a baby and had to have it removed and replaced with a fake one; During the Civil War, she trained women to nurse soldiers of the Union Army; In England, she started the Women's Medical College with Florence Nightingale; Wrote several books after retirement

George Washington Carver

Kidnapped by Confederate night-raiders as a child and ransomed back; Had to go to another county to attend school in Missouri because there were no nearby black schools; first black faculty member at Iowa State; Became the director of agriculture at Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute for Negroes; There began research on peanut; developed 300 uses for peanuts; major contribution was training farmers to rotate their crops; Stayed at Tuskegee even when got better offers; only patented three discoveries; became a member of the Royal Society in England; gave the Institute his life savings to establish a foundation for agricultural research; had a postage stamp issued soon after death

Walter Bradford Cannon

Used x-rays to study the process of swallowing; Very interested in the physiology of emotion; discovered that peristalsis stopped when an animal was frightened and noticed that an animal when aroused would mobilize preparation to flee or defend itself; Became known as a lab hermit; Researched the problem of wound shock; Coined the term fight or flight and the term homeostasis; put forward Dry Mouth Hypothesis; Avid defender of scientists using animals for research; also became a political activist against fascist governments; Never received the Nobel prize, although considered for it

Christiaan Neethling Barnard

First to perform a human open heart transplant on Louis Washkansky with a heart from a road accident victim; the patient lived only 18 days; died from the antirejection drugs which weakened his resistance to pneumonia; One patient survived for over a year but overall survival rate was so low that it was stopped until the surgery could be improved; patients were dying from antirejection drugs; Dorothy Fisher was given a new heart, becoming the first black heart recipient; she survived 12 years; when cyclosporine was discovered, heart surgery began again; helps avoid rejection and infection; Performed a double heart transplant; Ended career because of rheumatoid arthritis in his hands

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording