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the idea that people with same ethnic origins have the right to form their own independent countries
the peninsula battle where Turkish troops held off the advance of the Australian and New Zealand forces, perventing Allies from bringing supplies to Russia.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
treaty that ended hostilities betw Russia and Germany. Germany awarded substantial amount of territory.
Treaty of Versailles
the diplomatic agreement that formally ended the war betw the Allies and Germany. Germany got owned
League of Nations
International organization created to keep world peace post WWI. Little power to inforce politics
system to devide German and Ottoman territories outside of Europe. Allowed fronce and GB to expand their colonial empires
author of The Decline of the West. Claimed civilization and culture have the same cycle of growth and decay as humans
Jose Ortega y Gasset
spanish philosopher, worte and essay titled The Revolt of the Masses, attacking democratic gvt
The Uncertainty Principle
Werner Heisenberg's theory stating observation of a physical phenomenon interferes w/ natural behavior of phenomenon being
post impressionalist pinter, fled europe for central america and Tahiti, blended non westenr ideas with western ideas
painting style popularized by Picasso and Braque, all forms reduced to geometric shapes. Rejection of realism
community of archetects, designers, and pointers to create a style of building and design unique to 20th century
John Maynard Keynes
economist, urged gvts to be active in economy. His theories led to development of gvt funded public works projects
provoked by civil war in russia. Soldiers could take anything from anyone if it was deemed useful or necessary in the effort to defeat the wite forces in the Russian civil war
New Economic Plan
Lenin's plan, temporarily restored russian econ in 1920's, let people sell goods in free markets
socialism in one country
stalin's attitude for role of USSR in spereading communism in 1920's. make communism a success in USSR before promoting in other parts of the world (please secure your oxygen mask before assisting others)
s NEP with complete gvt control of economy. Enabled USSR to develop econ strength in many areas
stalin's economic program to increase agricultural production in 1920's &30's. Private ownership of farmland abolished, giant gvt farms set up
anyone accused of opposing stalin either killed or imprisoned in a gulag. Enabled stalin to eliminate any percieved rivals
political system with a dictator. First developed in italy under Musolini, and hitler later in germany. Both opposed the spread of communism
legislation passed in germany soon after hitler came to power. Stripped german jews of citizenship and outlawed mairrage/sex betw German Jews and other Germans (harry potter much?)
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