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Indian Music Definitions
The main terms used in an Indian Raga.
Terms in this set (11)
the first section of an Indian raga where the notes of the raga are introduced and explored in a free rhythm and with drone accompaniment.
words used by drummers to remember the different talas.
a single long-held note that can be used to accompany a theme.
the third section of an Indian raga where the tabla enters playing the tala rhythm and then improvises on the tala while the melody player improvises on the notes of the raga. Improvisation - a piece or a section of music that has not been previously prepared.
the fourth and final section of an Indian raga where all the instruments play together with increased tempo and a rhythmic climax.
the second section of an Indian raga where the melody and drone instruments increase in tempo and play to a more steady pulse.
a short, repeated musical pattern sometimes called a riff; can be a rhythm or notes of a melody.
the best known Indian melodic instrument used for solo improvisation. It is a stringed instrument with a gourd sound-box and a long neck with moveable frets. There are seven main strings, one of which is used as the main melody string while the others play drone notes. The main string is often pulled to "bend" notes. There are also a number of 'sympathetic' strings tuned to the notes of the raga. These are not played but vibrate, giving the sitar its characteristic sound.
a type of Indian drums which play the tala in a raga.
a type of stringed instrument found in different places around the world; most are types of plucked lutes.
Cyclic rhythmic framework that organizes a raga performance in India
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