76 terms

EWF- GOLDEN VOCAB 2011

STUDY
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Dialectic
it is based on dialogue between two or more people who hold differing views, yet wish to seek the truth of the matter through the exchange of their viewpoints while applying reason
Hegemony
How control is achieved through consensus not force.
Praxis
translating an idea into action, "a hard theory to put into practice"
pluralism
the doctrine that reality consists of several basic substances or elements, the practice of one person holding more than one benefice at a time
Semiotics
a philosophical theory of the functions of signs and symbols
Aura
air: a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing; "an air of mystery
Alienation
socially disoriented; isolated, excluded
Committee
a special group delegated to consider some matter;
Deconstruct
to break something down into its component parts
Imaginary
existing only in the mind, not in reality
Reification
is regarded as something abstract as being a material thing
Simulacra
from the Latin word simulacrum which means "likeness, similarity." This word is used to describe the likeness of another thing, like a copy of some sort.
Legitimacy
Is something that is very credible. It is lawful by virtue of being authorized or in harmony with the law.
Democracy
Is defined as a political orientation of those who favor a government that is by the people or by their elected representatives. Power lies in a body of citizens and they elect who will stand for them.
Homology
the quality of being similar or corresponding in position or value or structure or function
Opposition
resistance: the action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with; "he encountered a general feeling of resistance from many citizens
Elitism
the attitude that society should be governed by an elite group of individuals
Rhetoric
Is the art of using language to communicate effectively. It involves three audience appeals: logos, pathos, and ethos, as well as the five canons of rhetoric: invention or discovery, arrangement, style, memory, and delivery
Intertexuality
the idea that a given text is a response to what has already been written, be it explicit or implicit; the reference to another separate and distinct text within a text
Subaltern
is a term that commonly refers to persons who are socially, politically, and geographically outside of the hegemonic power structure.
Cyborg
is a cybernetic organism (i.e. an organism that has both artificial and natural systems).
Heteroglossia
describes the coexistence of distance varieties within a single "linguistic code"
Hermeneutics
the branch of theology that deals with principles of exegesis- an explication or critical interpretation
Canon
A rule or especially body of rules or principle generally established as valid and fundamental in a field or art or philosophy; "the neoclassical canon"
Paradigm
systematic arrangement of all inflected forms of a word
Tradition
an inherited pattern of thought or action
Culture
all the knowledge, values, arts, manners favored and shared by a society
Writing
symbols such as hieroglyphics written down as a means of communication
Nation
a community of people sharing common territory and government but are not sovereign states can be controversial subjects due, in no small part, to national security concerns of neighboring countries In worldwide diplomacy, nation can mean country or sovereign state. For instance the United Nations
Meritocracy
A form of social system in which power goes to those with superior intellects. Also known as the belief that rulers should be chosen for their superior abilities and not because of their wealth or birth.
Agency
the state of being in action or exerting power; "the agency of providence"
Populism
the political doctrine that supports the rights and powers of the common people in their struggle with the privileged elite
Consent
Accept, given an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to
Influence
a power to affect persons or events especially power based on prestige etc; "used her parents' influence to get the job"
Seduction
enticing someone astray from right behavior; convincing someone of your thoughts
Trope
language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense
Positionality
your position against the natives
Contested
disputed or made the object of contention or competition; "a contested election"
Discourse
written or spoken language, especially when it is studied in order to understand how people use language
Author
The originator or creator of a work, especially of a literary composition; A source of information; To create a work as its author
Globalization
describes an ongoing process by which regional economies, societies, and cultures have become integrated through a globe-spanning network of communication and trade
Hyperreality
is used in semiotics and postmodern philosophy to describe a hypothetical inability of consciousness to distinguish reality from fantasy, especially in technologically advanced postmodern cultures
Civil Liberties
are rights and freedoms that protect an individual from the state. Civil liberties set limits on government so that its members cannot abuse their power and interfere unduly with the lives of private citizens.
Interpellation
question formally about policy or government business
Fetish
A natural object believed to possess supernatural powers or to be inhabited by spirits.
Paradigm
systematic arrangement of all the inflected forms of a word
Critical Realism
the theory that some of our sense-data; can and do accurately represent external objects, properties, and events, while other of our sense-data
Archaeology
the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures
Body-without-organs
Gilles Deleuze, French philosopher. The Body without Organs is a limit. In particular, it is the limit at which all the flows which constitute the world flow completely freely, each into the others, so that no distinctions exist among them any longer. Reality is a play of forces; in Anti-Oedipus (1972), a "body without organs." To be done with the judgment of God, "for you can tie me up if you wish, but there is nothing more useless than an organ."
Class Consciousness
is consciousness of one's social class or economic rank in society. From the perspective of Marxist theory, it refers to the self-awareness, or lack thereof, of a particular class
Defamiliarization
to make unfamiliar
Deterritorialization
It refers to the increasing loss of literal and figurative borders between nation-states. ex. communications technologies
Double Coding
a term coined by Charles Jencks in his book The New Paradigm in Architecture, to suggest that postmodern architecture is a language that depends on double understanding, comparable to irony.-
Mandate
A document giving an official instruction or command
Liberalism
Political orientation that favors social progress by reform and by changing laws rather than by revolution
Ethnoscapes
an international distribution of correlated or connected people
Internationalism
is a political movement which advocates a greater economic and political cooperation among nations for the theoretical benefit of all. Claims that nations should cooperate because their long-term mutual interests are of greater value than their individual short term needs.
Intention
purpose: an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions;
Idealism
the philosophical theory that ideas are the only reality. Impracticality by virtue of thinking of things in their ideal form rather than as they really are
Consent
refers to the provision of approval or assent, particularly and especially after thoughtful consideration.
Influence
causing something without any direct or apparent effort
Regionalism
Regionalism a feature (as a pronunciation or expression or custom) that is characteristic of a particular region. a foreign policy that defines the international interests of a country in terms of particular geographic areas
Neutrality
is the absence of declared bias; in an argument, a neutral person will not choose a side
Social Class
A social grouping of people based on common economic and other characteristics determined by society and reflecting a social hierarchy
Nomadism
The way of life of a nomad
Unconscious
A state lacking normal awareness of the self or environment
Power
possession of controlling influence; "the power of his love saved her"
Contested
Take part in, a struggle for superiority or victory, to compete or strive for
Autonomy
independence or freedom, as of the will or one's actions, self government, or the right of self-government
Citizenship
a native or naturalized member of a state or cultural ties, "ethnicity has a strong influence on community status relations"
Hybridity
the idea of nation is often based on naturalized myths of racial or cultural origin.
Marxism
is an economic and social system based upon the political and economic theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. "A theory in which class struggle is a central element in the analysis of social change in Western societies." Is the opposite of capitalism, the system of socialism of which the dominant feature is public ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange.
Paganism
is a spiritual way of life which has its roots in the ancient nature religions of the world. They celebrate the sanctity of Nature
Epistemological
A philosophy that investigates the origin of human knowledge
Community
a state or organized society, in its later uses relatively small the people of a district, the quality of holding something in common of interest, a sense of common identity and characteristics.
Difference
Unlike in nature or quality or form or degree; "took different approaches to the problem"; distinct or separate