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453 terms

FINALS: PREFIX, SUFFIX, ROOT WORDS

STUDY
PLAY
ab-
away from
bi-
two
endo-, end-
within
hyper-
excessively, abnormally high, above
hypo-
under, below normal
intra-
within
pre-
before
post-
after
sub-
below, beneath
-al, -ic, -ous, -ar, -ion, -or, -um, -is, -tic, -ac, -ary, -eal, -ile, -an
pertaining to
-itis
inflammation
-logy
study of
-meter
measuring instrument
-pathy
disease
-scope
viewing instrument
-scopy
process of viewing
cardi/o, card/o
heart
gastr/o
stomach
hepat/o
liver
oste/o
bone
path/o
disease
bi-
two
epi-, ep-
upon, over, above, on top
hypo-
under, below normal
uni-
one
abdomin/o
abdomen, abdominal cavity
anteri/o, anter/o
front
branchi/o
arm
caud/o
tail
cephal/o
head
cervic/o
cervix, head
chondr/o, chondri/o, cartil/o
gristle, cartilage
chron/o
time
cran/o, crani/o
cranium, skull
dist/o
away
dors/o
back
eti/o
cause (of disease)
femor/o
thigh
gen/o
formation, cause, produce
glut/o
buttock
hom/o, home/o
sameness, unchanging
iatri/o, iatr/o
to heal
idi/o
person, self
ili/o
flank, hip, groin
infect/o
to enter, invade
inferi/o, infer/o
below
inguin/o
groin
later/o
side
lumb/o
loin, lower back
medi/o
middle
path/o
disease
pelv/o
pelvis, washbasin
physi/o
nature
posteri/o, poster/o
back
proxim/o
near
spin/o
spine, thorn
superi/o, super/o
above
thorac/o
chest, thorax
tom/o
to cut
umbilic/o
navel
ventr/o
front, belly
-ad
toward
-stasis
standing still
ana-
up, toward, apart
dys-
bad, abnormal, painful
meta-
after, change
neo-
new
aden/o
gland
carcin/o
cancer
chrom/o
color
cyt/o
cell
gen/o, gene/o
formation, cause, produce
hist/o
tissue
lei/o
smooth
lip/o
fat, lipid
lymph/o
clear water or fluid
mal/o
bad
melan/o
dark, black
my/o, myos/o
muscle
neur/o
sinew, cord, nerve, fascia
nucl/o, nucle/o
kernel, nucleus
onc/o
tumor
organ/o
tool
oste/o
bone
rhabd/o
rod
sarc/o
flesh, meat
thel/i
nipple
-elle
small
-gen
producing, formation, causing
- genesis
origin, cause
-genic
pertaining to producing, formation causing
-logy
study of
-logist
one who studies
-oid
resembling
-oma
abnormal swelling, tumor
-plasia
shape, formation
-plasm
something shaped
-sarcoma
malignant tumor
-sis
state of
-some
body
a-, an-
without, absence of
per-
through
par-, para-
near, alongside, departure from normal
abras/o
to rub away
aut/o
self
bi/o
life (prefix means two)
crypt/o
hidden
cutane/o, derm/o, dermat/o
skin
elast/o
change shape
eryth/o, erythr/o
red
fibr/o
fiber
heter/o
other
hidr/o
sweat
kerat/o
hard, horny tissue
lei/o
smooth
leuk/o
white
melan/o
dark, black
myc/o
fungus
necr/o
death
onych/o
nail
pachy/o
thick
pedicul/o
body louse
rhytid/o
wrinkle
sarc/o
flesh, meat
scler/o
thick, hard; sclera
seb/o
sebum, or oil
trich/o
hair
xer/o
dry
-ectomy
surgical excision, removal
-ia, -osis, -iasis
condition of
-ion
process
-ite
condition
-malacia
softening
-oma
abnormal swelling, tumor
-opsy
view of
-phagia
eating or swallowing
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhea
excessive discharge of fluid
-tome
cutting instrument
brady-
slow
dia-
about, passing through
para-
near, alongside, departure from normal
peri-
around, about
poly-
many
quadri-
four
sym-, syn-
together, joined
ankyl/o
fused, not straight
burs/o
purse, sac, bursa
carp/o
wrist
cel/o
hernia, protrusion
chir/o
hand
chondr/o
cartilage
condyl/o
knuckle of a joint
cost/o
rib
disk/o
flat shape, intervertebral disk
duct/o
lead, move
electr/o
electricity
fasci/o
fascia
fibul/o
clasp of a buckle, fibula
flex/o
bend
ishi/o
ishium, hip, joint, haunch
kinesi/o
motion
kyph/o
hump
lamin/o
thin, lamina
later/o
side
lord/o
bent forward
maxill/o
upper jaw bone
orth/o
straight, normal
pariet/o
wall
patell/o
small pan, patella
ped/o
child
petr/o
stone
phalang/o
row of soldiers, phalanx
pod/o
foot
por/o
small hole
physis/o
growth
pub/o
grown up, pubis
rachi/o
spine, vertebral column
radi/o
spoke of a wheel, radius
rheumat/o
discharge
sacr/o
sacred, sacrum
scoli/o
curved
skelet/o
dried up, skeleton
spondyl/o
vertebra
stern/o
chest, sternum
synov/o, synovi/o
binding of eggs, synovial
tars/o
flat surface, tarsum
taxi/o, tax/o
reaction to a stimulus
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o
to stretch out, tendon
vers/o
turn
vertebr/o
joint, vertebra
-algia, -dynia
pain
-asthenia
weakness
-blast
germ, bud, developing cell
-cele
hernia, swelling, protrusion
-centesis
puncture; a surgical puncture to aspirate fluid
-clasia, -clasis, -clast
break apart
-clonus
in motion
-desis, -syndesis
surgical fixation, fusion
-iatry
treatment, specialty
-iatrist, -ist, -practic, -practor
one who practices
-oid
resembling
-otomy, -tomy
cutting into, incision
-plegia
paralysis (major)
-ptosis
falling down, drooping
-schisis
split, fissure
-trophy, -troph
nourishment, development
-y
process of
de-
not
di-
double
hemi-
one half
hydro-
water
mono-
one
pan-
all, entire
tetra-
four
alges/o
pain
angi/o, angin/o
blood vessel
arachn/o
spider
arteri/o, arter/o
artery
arthr/o
joint
ather/o
fatty substance
cerebell/o
little brain, cerebellum
cerebr/o
brain, cerebrum
dur/o
hard
embol/o
a plug
encephal/o
brain
gangli/o, ganglion/o
knot, swelling
gli/o
glue, neuroglia
gnos/o
knowledge
lumb/o
loin, lower back
lys/o
break apart, dissolution
mening/o, mening/i
membrane, meninges
ment/o
mind
myel/o
spinal cord, medulla, myelin sheath
narc/o
numbness
phas/o, phasi/o
speech
plegi/o
paralysis
poli/o
gray
psych/o
mind
quadr/o, quadr/i
four
radic/o, radicul/o
nerve root
somat/o
body
thalam/o
inner chamber, thalamus
thromb/o
clot
vascul/o
small vessel
-esthesia
sensation, perception
-gram
a record
-lepsy
seizure
-lysis
to loosen, dissolve
-paresis
paralysis (minor)
-phasia
speaking
abdomin/o, celi/o, lapar/o
abdomen, abdominal cavity
an/o
anus
append/o
to hand onto, appendix
bil/i
bile
cec/o
blind intestine, cecum
cheil/o
lip
chol/e
bile, gall
choledoch/o
common bile duct
cirrh/o
orange
col/o, colon/o
colon
dent/o
teeth
diverticul/o
a small blind pouch, diverticulum
duoden/o
twelve, duodenum
enter/o
small intestine
esophag/e, esophag/o
gullet, esophagus
gastr/o
stomach
gingiv/o
gums
gloss/o, lingu/o
tongue
halit/o
breath
hepat/o
liver
hern/o, herni/o
rupture or protrusion through a weakened membrane or wall. Hernia
hemmorrh/o
likely to bleed
ile/o
to roll, ileum
inguin/o
groin
jejun/o
empty, jejunum
lith/o
stone
or/o, stomat/o
mouth
palat/o
roof of the mouth, palate
pancreat/o
sweetbread, pancreas
peps/o, pept/o
digestion
perine/o
perineum
peritone/o
to stretch over, peritoneum
phag/o
eat, swallow
pharyng/o
throat, pharynx
polyp/o
a small growth, polyp
proct/o
rectum, anus
pylor/o
gatekeeper, pylorus
rect/o
straight, erect, rectum
rubin/o
red pigment
sial/o
saliva
sigmoid/o
"S"
spasm/o
sudden involuntary muscle contraction
steat/o
fat
uvul/o
grape, uvula
ad-
toward
anti-
against, opposing
re-, retro-
back
-emesis
vomiting
-emetic
pertaining to vomiting
-pepsia
condition of digestion
-rrhaphy
suturing
-stomy
surgical creation of an opening
inter-
between
tachy-
rapid, fast
aort/o
aorta
atri/o
atrium
coron/o
crown, circle, heart
cyan/o
blue
ech/o
to bounce, sound
electr/o
electricity
isch/o
to hold back, deficiency, blockage
hemorrh/o
likely to bleed
man/o
thin
pector/o
chest
phleb/o, ven/o
vein
pulmon/o
lung
rrhythm/o
repetition, rhythm
sept/o
wall, partition
sphygm/o
pulse
sten/o
narrowness, constriction
steth/o
chest
tens/o
pressure
thromb/o
clot
valvul/o
little valve
varic/o
dilated vein
vascul/o
little blood vessel
vas/o
blood vessel
ventricul/o
little belly, cavity, ventricle
-apheresis
removal
-graph
instrument for recording
-lytic
pertaining to loosen, dissolve
-megaly
abnormally large
-rrhexis
rupture
-sis
state of
-spasm
sudden, involuntary muscle contraction
eu-
normal, good
alveol/o
air sac, alveolus
atel/o
incomplete
bronch/o, bronch/i
airway, bronchus
con/i
dust
glott/o
opening into the windpipe
hem/o, hemat/o
blood
laryng/o
voice box, larynx
lob/o
a rounded part, lobe
muc/o
mucous
nas/o
nose
ox/i
oxygen
pharyng/o
throat, pharynx
phragm/o, phragmat/o
partition
pleur/o
rib, pleura
pneum/o, pneumon/o, pneumat/o
air, lung
py/o
pus
rhin/o
nose
sinus/o
cavity
somn/o
sleep
spir/o
to breathe
sten/o
narrowness, constriction
thorac/o
chest, thorax
tonsill/o
almond, tonsil
trache/o
windpipe, trachea
tubercul/o
little mass or swelling
-capnia
condition of carbon dioxide
-ectasis
expansion, dilation
-emia
condition of blood
-metry
measurement
-oxia
condition of oxygen
-pexy
surgical fixation, suspension
-phonia
condition of sound or voice
-plasm
something shaped
-pnea
breathing
-ptysis
to cough up
-rrhagia
bleeding, hemorrhage
en-
within, upon, on, over
albumin/o
albumin (a protein)
azot/o
urea, nitrogen
bacteri/o
bacteria
blast/o
germ, bud, developing cell
glomerul/o
little ball, glomerulus
gluc/o
glucose, sugar, sweet
glyc/o, glycos/o
glycogen, glucose, sugar, sweet
hydr/o
water
ket/o, keton/o
ketone, bodies
lith/o
stone
lys/o
break apart, dissolve
meat/o
opening, passage
nephr/o, ren/o
kidney
noct/o
night
olig/o
few in number
pyel/o
renal pelvis
son/o
sound
spadias/o
rip, tear
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
urin/o, ur/o
urine
vesic/o
sac, bladder
-tripsy
surgical crushing
-uresis
urination
-uria
condition of urine, urination
trans-
through, across, beyond
andr/o
male
balan/o
glans, penis
crypt/o
hidden
cyst/o
sac, bladder
epididym/o
epididymis
hydr/o
water
lith/o
stone
olig/o
few in number
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o
testis, testicle
pen/o
penis
perine/o
perineum
proct/o
rectum, anus
prostat/o
prostate gland
rect/o
straight, erect, rectum
semin/o, sperm/o, spermat/o
seed, sperm
test/o, testicul/o
testis, testicle
therm/o
heart
varic/o
dilated vein
vas/o
vessel, duct
vesicul/o
vesicle, seminal vesicle
zo/o
animal
-ism
condition of
-spermia
condition of sperm
-therapy
treatment
cervic/o
cervix, neck
colp/o
vagina
culd/o
cul-de-sac
episi/o
vulva
cyst/o
sac, bladder
gynec/o, gyn/o
woman
hydr/o
water
hyster/o
uterus
leuk/o
white
mamm/o, mast/o
breast
men/o, menstru/o
month, menstruation
metr/o, metr/i
uterus
my/o
muscle
oophor/o, ovari/o
ovary
ov/o
egg
pelv/i, pelv/o
pelvis, washbasin
perine/o
perineum
py/o
pus
rect/o
straight, erect, rectum
salping/o
tube (usually the eustachian or fallopian tubes)
son/o
sound
thel/i
nipple
trachel/o
cervix, neck
uter/o
womb, uterus
vagin/o
sheath, vagina
vulv/o
vulva
-atresia
closure; absence of a normal body opening
-graphy
process of recording
-salpinx
trumpet, fallopian tube