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40 terms

Chapter 35: America in World War II

STUDY
PLAY
all-out war
America's first great challenge was to retool its industry for _________ production.
unanimous
Unlike WWI, during WWII, the United States was nearly in _________ support of the war.
internment camps
Although Japanese Americans were placed in these during WWII as a result of anti-Japanese prejudice and fear, most ethnic groups were further assimilated into American society.
practical
The general American attitude toward WWII was less idealistic and ideological and more _________ than the outlook in WWI.
wage and price
Despite the demands of the wartime economy, inflation was kept in check during the war by federally imposed _________ controls.
rubber
The US government had to commission production in _________ due to the fact that most of it came from Southeast Asia.
War Production Board
assigned priorities with respect to the use of raw materials and transportation facilities
Office of Price Administration
controlled inflation by rationing essential goods
National War Labor Board
Imposed ceilings on wage increases
Fair Employment Practices Commission
saw to it that no hiring discrimination practices were used against blacks seeking employment in war industries
United Mine Workers
an industrial union of mine workers in North America
increased
During WWII labor unions _________ their membership.
six million
Amount of women employed in American indusry during WWII
day-car centers
The high employment of women led to the creation of these by the government
Rosie the Riveter
symbol of American women who went to work in factories during the war
Army Air Corps (Tuskegee)
During WWII, African Americans served in this.
Congress of Racial Equality
During WWII, African Americans formed this militant organization
North (and) West
African Americans moved ___ and ___ in search of work
Double V
Rally behind this slogan (victory over dictators abroad and racism at home)
Navajo Code Talkers
Native Americans from the Navajo tribe used their own language to make a code for the U.S. military that the Japanese could not decipher
National Debt
This increased the most during WWII (up to that point)
war bonds
Most of the money raised to finance WWII came from borrowing from the American public through these
Battle of Coral Sea
(May 1942) First naval battle in history that took place entirely in the air; saved Australia
Battle of Midway
(June 1942) Battle for a tiny air field that saved Hawaii; turning point of the Pacific campaign
island hopping
strategy of Allies in World War 2 of capturing some Japanese-held islands and going around others
Guadalcanal
horrifically bloody battle to protect the lifeline from America to Australia
10 to 1
Casualty ratio of Japanese to Americans that persisted throughout the Pacific war
Guam
The US seizes _________ which now allows US aircraft to conduct round-trip bombing raids on Japanese home islands.
Kamikaze pilots
Japanese suicide pilots who would crash their planes into ships and military bases in order to cause lots of damage
Suicide Cliff
Japanese civilians commit suicide by the thousands in Saipan
Battle of Britain
the prolonged bombardment of British cities by the German Luftwaffe during World War II and the aerial combat that accompanied it
U-Boats
German submarines
North Africa and Italy
Instead of opening up a second front in France, Britain and the US attack Hitler's forces in _________ and _________.
Morocco
US first taste of the war in North Africa was a slaughter in this region
Roosevelt and Churchill
agreed that nothing short of Germany's unconditional surrender would be accepted; felt this was the only way that Germany could be totally reconstructed after the war
Suez canal
British General Montgomery holds this
Rommel
Commander of the German forces
"Soft Underbelly" Campaign
Instead of the Allies invading Nazi-held France, they attacked the German's in North Africa and then Italy.
Mussolini
He is overthrown and as a result, Italy surrenders
D-Day
Italy's surrender allowed _________ to be delayed and the Soviet Union to push the Germans back out of the USSR

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