29 terms

Chapter 17 quizlet page

Manifest Destiny
This expression was popular in the 1840s. Many people believed that the U.S. was destined to secure territory from "sea to sea," from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. This rationale drove the acquisition of territory.
John O'Sullivan
influential editor of the Democratic Review who coined the phrase "manifest destiny" in 1845.
John Tyler
U.S. president who asked Congress in 1845 for a joint resolution in favor of annexing Texas
James Polk
11th President of the United States from Tennessee; committed to westward expansion; led the country during the Mexican War; U.S. annexed Texas and took over Oregon during his administration
Westward expansion
The movement of people to settle in the west, encouraged by the concept of Manifest Destiny.
Oregon Territory
territory of Oregon, Washington, and portions of what became British Columbia, Canada; land claimed by both U.S. and Britain and held jointly under the Convention of 1818
The Oregon Trail
This was the major route in the westward migration, was a 2,000 mile trail- stretched from independence across the great plains and through the south pass of the rocky mountains, migrants moved north into Oregon or south(to the California trail) from here
Fifty-Four Forty or Fight
slogan used in the 1844 presidential election as a call for us annexation of the Oregon territory
The Rio Grande
The river that forms a border between the U.S. and Mexico
The Nueces River
Mexico said this river was southern border for Texas (gave less land to U.S.)
Zachary Taylor
A major general from 1846-1847 in the Mexican War. Known as "Old Rough and Ready," he defeated the Mexicans in a campaign that took him to Buena Vista in Mexico. The victorious campaign helped pressure the Mexicans into peace.
Winfield Scott
General in the Mexican-War; " Old Fuss and Feathers" ; succeeded in battling his way up to Mexico City by 1847.
Civil Disobedience
Henry David Thoreau advocated this process of defying codes of conduct within a community or ignoring the policies and government of a state or nation when the civil laws are unjust.
Stephen Kearny
General that took his troops down the Santa Fe Trail and took the town of Santa Fe without a fight and claimed it for the U.S.; later appointed by Polk as governor of California
The Bear Flag Revolt
revolt against Mexico by American settlers in California who declared the area an independent republic
The Bear Flag Republic
Name of California when it became a republic and before it is accepted into the Union
John C Fremont
captain and explorer; CA with several dozen well-armed men when the Mexican War erupted. Helped overthrow Mexican rule in 1846 by collaborating with Americans who'd tried to raise banner of CA Bear Republic; helped take CA from inside
Robert Stockton
, Commodore that planned a naval invasion of California; he captured Los Angeles and San Diego and then declared California belonged to the U.S.
Buena Vista
1847 United States forces under Zachary Taylor defeated Mexican forces under Santa Anna in the Mexican War; turning point
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
This treaty ended the Mexican-American war. Mexico agreed to give up all its northern lands to the United States. These lands included California, Utah, Nevada, and parts of New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, and Wyoming. The United States payed Mexico $15 million.
The Gadsden Purchase
In 1853, Mexico sold 30,000 sq. miles of present day New Mexico and Arizona to the U.S. for $10 million
Joseph Smith
religious leader who founded the Mormon Church in 1830 (1805-1844)
church founded by Joseph Smith in 1830 with headquarters in Salt Lake City, Utah, religious group that emphasized moderation, saving, hard work, and moved from IL to UT
Mormon Migration
The Mormons moved west to escape religious persecution, they settled in Missouri and Illinois but were later persecuted by their neighbors ; decided to move Northwest towards the Great Salt Lake.
Brigham Young
United States religious leader of the Mormon Church after the assassination of Joseph Smith
The Gold Rush
a boom of population in California due to the discovery of gold in 1848.
people who went to California in search of gold in 1849
San Francisco
This port town became a convenient trade center and stopping place for travelers.
searching for gold