17 terms

Barron's AP Psych Abnormal Part 1

Psychological Disorder
Maladaptive, Disturbing to Others, Unusual, Irrational
Reference book that describes symptoms of all current psychological disorders
Anxiety Disorders
A class of disorders marked by excessive apprehension and worry that in turn impairs normal functioning. Includes phobias, PTSD, and OCD.
Specific Phobia
an anxiety disorder involving fear and avoidance of heights, animals, and other specific stimuli and situations
(n.) - an abnormal fear of open or public places
Social Phobia
A disorder that involves an irrational fear of being publicly humiliated or embarrassed
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
an anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal
Panic Disorder
an anxiety disorder marked by a minutes-long episode of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
an anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience
Somatoform Disorders
disorders characterized by physical symptoms for which no known physical cause exists
preoccupation with thoughts of disease and concern that one is suffering from a serious condition that persists despite medical reassurance to the contrary
Conversion Disorder
a mental disorder characterized by the conversion of mental conflict into somatic forms (into paralysis or anesthesia having no apparent cause)
Dissociative Disorders
disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
Psychogenic Amnesia
loss of all or part of memory; does not have a physical cause
dissociative disorder in which a person forgets who who they are and leaves home to creates a new life
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Also called multiple personality disorder.