these type of nerves carry sensations of pain, temperature, and vibrations from the periphery to the brain. Carry sensory impulses.
these type of nerves carry sensations of pain, temperature, and vibrations from the brain to the periphery. Also, sends messages about the production of secretions. Carry motor impulses.
What should nurses watch for in patients on opiod analgesics (especially those with renal impairments)?
which side effects of opiod therapy do those on long term therapy often not experience?
when giving this drug enterally, food can not be inserted in the tube 2 hours before or after as it alters the absorption.
Equal-analgesic conversion chart
This is used to compare doses of opiods to doses of morphine sulfate.
this is the part of the brain that houses the nerve center that controls sensory and motor activities, houses nerve center that controls intelligence, and is the largest part of the brain.
this is the neurotransmitter responsible for communication between nerves and muscles.
norepinephrine and epinephrine
these two neurotransmitters released by the nerves in the sympathetic branch of the ANS
this neurotransmitter is involved in the coordination of impulses and responses (usually dealing with motor coordination)
This neurotransmitter helps inhibit nerve activity and is important in prevent over-excitability or stimulation in things such as seizures.
This neurotransmitter is important in arousal and sleep and in preventing depression/promoting motivation.
this type of drug is given to help with anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, and agitation. Can cause sedation, dry mouth, and confusion. monitor pts for respiratory and cognitive status & safety
this type of medication is given to help with depression, anxiety, PTSD, and chronic pain. It can produce side effects such as headache, drowsiness, dizziness, and agitation. It is important to monitor, R,C,S with pts who are taking this med.
These are used to help relieve depression symptoms, patients with sleep disorders, and treatment of chronic pain. Side effects include sedation, fatigue, and ataxia. Monitor R,C, & S.
these are used to treat depression and in pts who didn't respond to other antidepressants. These are not doctors first choice. Side effects include sedation, fatigue, ataxia, headache.
Foods containing this must be avoided in patients who are taking MAOIs. Examples of such foods include: chocolate, coffee, bananas, avocados, yogurt, peanuts, etc.
This type of drug helps to treat though process disorders such as schizophrenia, manic behavior, dementia, drug overdoses. Side effects include hypotension, tachycardia, dry mouth, weight gain. monitor patient BP & pulse and assess for seizures
these two medications can be given if extrapyramidal sideffects occur with antipyschotics such as twitching, seizure.
antimanic or mood stabilizers
these medications can be used to treat mania and bipolar disorders. Side effects include: lethargy, slurred speech, coma, muscle weakness. encourage pts to drink enough fluids and salt
this type of drug is used in the treatment of ADD and narcolepsy. The side effects include nervousness, insomnia, dizziness, headache, anorexia. do frequent weight checks
This medication is used to treat seizure disorders. The side effects include ataxia, solemncence, hypotension, etc.
Monitoring therapeutic blood level
This is extremely important because anti-seizure agents have a limited therapeutic level
this medication is used to treat parkisonism and parkisons disease. Symptoms include increased tremor, ataxia, agitation.
These drugs are used to help treat parkinsons disease, to reduce rigidity and tremors, and to block the effects of acetylcholine. Side effects: confusion, and NO SPSS. watch for complications with no SPSS
These can be used to treat muscle spasticity, muscle strain, and clinical spasticity. Side effects include drowsiness, dizziness, faitgue, hypotension. Often used in people with spinal cord injuries
this brand of medications is used to treat severe, acute, or chronic pain. side effects include: shock, dizziness, fear, anxiety, constipation.
this is also called narcan. They are used to reverse narcotic effects and can be used in suspected overdoses. however, they will cause the pain to return.
these drugs are used to treat acute migraines by causing vasoconstriction. side effects include numbness, tingling, weakness. should provide a dark room and supportive care
These drugs are used to treat anesthesia, hypnosis, pain control, amnesia. Side effects include: respiratory depression, restlessness, drowiness/disorientation, tachycardia.
This is used to cause numbness/loss of sensation in a limited area of the body. Can also decrease bleeding. Side effects include headache, restlessness, hypotension. monitor local site and neurological status
neuromuscular blocking agents
these medications are used to cause skeletal muscle relaxation during surgery or when on a ventilator. Side effects include respiratory depression and apnea.
crash cart/ ER medications
this is important when giving neuromuscular blocking agents in order to counteract potential overdoses.
this is an example of an antipsychotic drug used to treat dementia/drug overdoses/though process disorders
these are two drugs with are anticholinergics used to help reduce drooling/tremors/etc.
this part of the brain is responsbile for maintaining muscle tone, controlling balance, and coordinating muscle movement.
reticular activating system
this system in the brain functions as an alerting system for the cerebral cortex.
This part of the brain provides pathways for nerve fibers, provides vital autonomic reactions, and serves as the origin for 10/12 cranial nerves.
these are comprised of one axon and many dendrites, is the primary unit of the nervous system, and does both conductivity and excitability.