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Types of Criminological Theory
Terms in this set (22)
Free Will Theory
Rational Choice Theory
Routine Activities Theory
Classical and Neoclassical Theories
Early Biological Theories
Gender Ratio Problem
Subculture of Violence
Life Course Perspective
Social Process Theories
Crime is caused by the individual exercise of free will
.Free will theories
Prevention is possible through Swift and certain punishment that offsets any gains to be had through criminal Behavior.
hedonistic calculus / rational Choice Theory
Lifestyle significantly affect both the amount and type of crime found in any society and the risk of criminal victimization varies according to the circumstances and locations and which people place themselves and their property
.routine activities Theory
A theory type which state's criminal genes cause deviant behavior. Criminals are identifiable through physical characteristics or genetic makeup. Treatment is generally ineffective. But aggression may be usefully redirected.
a theory type that suggests the interactions between human biology and the physical and social environments are key to understanding human behavior, including criminality.
a theory Type that suggests that crime is the result of inappropriate behavioral conditioning or a diseased mind. Treatment necessitates extensive behavioral therapy.
A theory that suggests the structure of society and its relative degree of organization or disorganization are important factors contributing to the prevalence of criminal behavior. It also suggests group dynamics, group organization, and subgroup relationships form the causal nexus out of which crime developed. Effective social policy may require basic changes in patterns of socialization and an increase in accepted opportunities for success.
A theory that suggests that crime results from the failure of self-direction, inadequate social roles, or association with defective others. Social policy places responsibility for change on the offender.
differential association / social learning / containment / social control / neutralization
A theory that suggests that the source of criminal behavior is unknown, but an understanding of crime requires recognition that the definition of crime is imposed on Behavior by The Wider Society individuals defined as criminal may be excluded by Society from normal opportunities. Therapy requires a total reorientation of the offender.
Theory that suggests that human development occurs simultaneously on many levels including psychological, biological, familial, interpersonal, cultural, societal, and ecological. This perspective notes that criminal Behavior tends to follow an identifiable pattern throughout a person's life cycle.
Social Development / life course perspective
theory that suggest suggest that conflict is fundamental to social life. Crime as a natural consequence of social, political, and economic inequities.
A theory that suggests that fundamental change to the structure of society. Is needed to eliminate crime.
criminology that emphasizes the need for gender awareness in the criminological Enterprise
Deconstructionist approaches challenge existing theories in order to replace them with perspectives more relevant to the modern era.
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