Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Wellness Lit - module 3 terms
Terms in this set (22)
Any group of organic compounds that includes sugar, starch, cellulose, and gum serves as a major energy source in the diet of animals; they are produced by photosynthetic plants and contain only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually in the ratio of 1:2:1.
A polysaccharide consisting of a chain of glucose molecules; starch.
Coarse, indigestible plant matter, consisting primarily of polysaccharides; when eaten, stimulates intestinal peristalsis.
essential amino acids
Amino acids are necessary for good health but cannot be produced by the body, so they must be supplied through the diet.
The body's primary storage form of energy; they supply the body with nine calories of energy per gram ingested.
Those who consume a "semi-vegetarian" diet with a focus on vegetarian food with occasional meat consumption.
Dietary fiber that does not dissolve easily in water.
Those who eat dairy products, fruits, and vegetables but do not consume any other animal products (meat, poultry, fish, or eggs).
A nutrient required in relatively large amounts (i.e., gram quantities), such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, or water; sometimes certain minerals are included, such as calcium, chloride, or sodium.
Various supplements that speed up or boost an individual's basal metabolism.
An organic compound, such as a vitamin, or a chemical element, such as zinc or iodine, that is essential only in small amounts for the normal physiologic processes of the body.
Inorganic substances that are critical to many enzyme functions and are contained in all cells of the body.
nonessential amino acids
Manufactured in the body if food proteins in a person's diet provide enough nitrogen.
Those who eat eggs as well as dairy products, fruits, and vegetables but still do not consume meat, poultry, or fish.
Those without double bonds, occurring predominantly in animal fats and tropical oils or produced by hydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids.
Sugars that have little nutritive value beyond their energy content.
Dietary fiber that can be dissolved in water.
Stereoisomers of the naturally occurring cis fatty acids, found in margarine and shortenings as artifacts after hydrogenation.
A fat having chains of unsaturated fatty acids.
Considered true vegetarians. Their diets are completely void of meat, chicken, fish, eggs, and milk products.
Necessary for normal body metabolism, growth, and development. Although they do not provide the body with energy, they do allow the energy from macronutrients to be released.
Sets with similar terms
Wellness Module 2
Nutrition Management Key Terms
Health Nutrition Vocab
Other sets by this creator
GCM 1012 - midterm
GRA 1012 midterm
Bio 1202 Barber theme 2 exam
PHO 1022 quiz