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city on a hill

puritan Motive

City on a hill

Motive for settling in Virginia

make money

1st Great Awakening

Ivy League colleges founded by New Lights


This was a way of thinking that God exists, but does not intervene in daily life, for he already has a plan for the universe that cannot be altered

Albany Congress

First Attempt at uniting colonies

Legal rights for women

colonial era

Stamp Act

an act passed by the British parliment in 1756 that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents

slacery in pre
independence times

slavery was due to commiting crimes or debt, Indentured servitude

Indentured servants

colonists who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years

Proclamation of 1763

no settlement past app mountains

Articles of Confederation

this document, the nations first constitution, was adopted by the second continental congress in 1781during the revolution. the document was limited because states held most of the power, and congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage

Bill of rights

1st 10 ammendments

attitude of founding fathers on political parties

all one art, all reps

Hamiltons economic plan

Tax on whiskey, protective tariff, national bank, pay off debts to individuals and states

Shay's rebellion

was led by Daniel Shays it was a protest against the land being taken away and the taxes that they had just worked so hard to get rid of

XYZ Affair

An insult to the American delegation when they were supposed to be meeting French foreign minister, Talleyrand, but instead they were sent 3 officials Adams called "X,Y, and Z" that demanded $250,000 as a bribe to see Talleyrand.

Marbury v. Madison

This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review

Louisiana Purchase

territory in western United States purchased from France in 1803 for $15 million

Hartord Convention

Fed law null and void

Eli Whittney

Interchangeable parts for weapons; cotton gin

Henry Clays american system

high tariffs; internal improvements

Andrew Jackson

indian removal, veto congress, pro expansion, common man

trail of tears

The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina and Georgia through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas-more than 800 miles (1,287 km)-to the Indian Territory. More than 4, 00 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the 116-day journey.

Nullification, John C. Calhoun, Tariff of Abominations



Followers of a belief which stressed self-reliance, self- culture, self-discipline, and that knowledge transcends instead of coming by reason. They promoted the belief of individualism and caused an array of humanitarian reforms.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Focused on self reliance, individuality

William LLoyd Garrison

Editor of "The Liberator"

Harriet Tubman

Underground Railroad

Dre Scott Decision

slaves are not people, have no rights

Popular sovereignty

people vote for slave or free

Kansas- Nebraska Act

This Act set up Kansas and Nebraska as states. Each state would use popular sovereignty to decide what to do about slavery. People who were proslavery and antislavery moved to Kansas, but some antislavery settlers were against the Act. This began guerrilla warfare.

Dougles' Freeport Doctrine

popular soveregnty can exclude slavery anywhere

reason for civil war

maintain Union

Emancipation Proclamation

Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free

Radical Reconstruction

Reconstruction strategy that was based on severely punishing South for causing war

Compromise of 1877

Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river

Knights of Labor

1st effort to create National union. Open to everyone but lawyers and bankers. Vague program, no clear goals, weak leadership and organization. Failed

Dawes Act, 1877

kill tribal identities

Social Gospel

movement that urged Christians to social service


farmers part, free silver

Yellow Press

made people more interested in the war by publishing sometimes untrue articles that inflamed opinion and anger

New Immigrants

immigrants who had come to the US after the 1880s from southern and eastern europe

Open door Policy

A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.

Dubois and Booker T.

Dubois- immediate
Booker- Over Time


This term applies to newspaper reporters and other writers who pointed out the social problems of the era of big business. The term was first given to them by Theodore Roosevelt.

Wilson's 14 Points

January 8,1918. Was a set of idealistic goals for peace. 1. no more secret treaties 2. freedom of the seas was to be maintained 3. a removal of economic barriers among nations4. reduction of arms 5, adjustment of cononial claims in the interests of natives and colonizers 6. "self determination" or independence for oppressed minority groups who would choose their govt 7. a legue of nations, an international organization that would keep the peace and sttle world disputes

Bonus Army

"give us our bonus, now"

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