47 terms

Puritan Motive

city on a hill
puritan Motive
City on a hill
Motive for settling in Virginia
make money
1st Great Awakening
Ivy League colleges founded by New Lights
This was a way of thinking that God exists, but does not intervene in daily life, for he already has a plan for the universe that cannot be altered
Albany Congress
First Attempt at uniting colonies
Legal rights for women
colonial era
Stamp Act
an act passed by the British parliment in 1756 that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents
slacery in pre
independence times
slavery was due to commiting crimes or debt, Indentured servitude
Indentured servants
colonists who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years
Proclamation of 1763
no settlement past app mountains
Articles of Confederation
this document, the nations first constitution, was adopted by the second continental congress in 1781during the revolution. the document was limited because states held most of the power, and congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage
Bill of rights
1st 10 ammendments
attitude of founding fathers on political parties
all one art, all reps
Hamiltons economic plan
Tax on whiskey, protective tariff, national bank, pay off debts to individuals and states
Shay's rebellion
was led by Daniel Shays it was a protest against the land being taken away and the taxes that they had just worked so hard to get rid of
XYZ Affair
An insult to the American delegation when they were supposed to be meeting French foreign minister, Talleyrand, but instead they were sent 3 officials Adams called "X,Y, and Z" that demanded $250,000 as a bribe to see Talleyrand.
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
Louisiana Purchase
territory in western United States purchased from France in 1803 for $15 million
Hartord Convention
Fed law null and void
Eli Whittney
Interchangeable parts for weapons; cotton gin
Henry Clays american system
high tariffs; internal improvements
Andrew Jackson
indian removal, veto congress, pro expansion, common man
trail of tears
The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina and Georgia through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas-more than 800 miles (1,287 km)-to the Indian Territory. More than 4, 00 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the 116-day journey.
Nullification, John C. Calhoun, Tariff of Abominations
Followers of a belief which stressed self-reliance, self- culture, self-discipline, and that knowledge transcends instead of coming by reason. They promoted the belief of individualism and caused an array of humanitarian reforms.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Focused on self reliance, individuality
William LLoyd Garrison
Editor of "The Liberator"
Harriet Tubman
Underground Railroad
Dre Scott Decision
slaves are not people, have no rights
Popular sovereignty
people vote for slave or free
Kansas- Nebraska Act
This Act set up Kansas and Nebraska as states. Each state would use popular sovereignty to decide what to do about slavery. People who were proslavery and antislavery moved to Kansas, but some antislavery settlers were against the Act. This began guerrilla warfare.
Dougles' Freeport Doctrine
popular soveregnty can exclude slavery anywhere
reason for civil war
maintain Union
Emancipation Proclamation
Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
Radical Reconstruction
Reconstruction strategy that was based on severely punishing South for causing war
Compromise of 1877
Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river
Knights of Labor
1st effort to create National union. Open to everyone but lawyers and bankers. Vague program, no clear goals, weak leadership and organization. Failed
Dawes Act, 1877
kill tribal identities
Social Gospel
movement that urged Christians to social service
farmers part, free silver
Yellow Press
made people more interested in the war by publishing sometimes untrue articles that inflamed opinion and anger
New Immigrants
immigrants who had come to the US after the 1880s from southern and eastern europe
Open door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Dubois and Booker T.
Dubois- immediate
Booker- Over Time
This term applies to newspaper reporters and other writers who pointed out the social problems of the era of big business. The term was first given to them by Theodore Roosevelt.
Wilson's 14 Points
January 8,1918. Was a set of idealistic goals for peace. 1. no more secret treaties 2. freedom of the seas was to be maintained 3. a removal of economic barriers among nations4. reduction of arms 5, adjustment of cononial claims in the interests of natives and colonizers 6. "self determination" or independence for oppressed minority groups who would choose their govt 7. a legue of nations, an international organization that would keep the peace and sttle world disputes
Bonus Army
"give us our bonus, now"