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Art Prinicples & Elements
Principles of Design Elements of Art
Terms in this set (31)
complimentary colors E
ACROSS FROM each other on a color wheel
a mark on a surface that creates a shape, outline, and texture. It can be real or implied. It can be vertical, horizontal, diagonal, wavy, or zigzag
seen when a variety of art elements produce the look and feel of action (eg. a running horse caught in mid-stride); or when elements in a design invite your eye to jump rapidly or glide smoothly from one to the next.
the light and dark in a design. It is shown in different lights & darks of color, as well as with shading (highlights & shadows).
a strong visual difference between elements in a design. It can show the difference between colors, shapes, images, textures, lines, or even content.
dull and neutral colors E
browns - colors produced by mixing complimentary pairs
"gray out" colors by adding black and white (gray)
can refer to a feeling of depth/distance in an image. It can be positive (the area occupied by an object in a work of art) or negative (the area around the object).
primary colors E
red, blue, yellow
3D with volume and thickness (e.g. cube, pyramid, cylinder, sphere). It can be real or implied with the use of lines and shading techniques.
the size relationship of the elements in a work of art to one another and to the whole design (eg: correct human proportion; also, changing object sizes as they appear to "go back" in space)
secondary colors E
orange, violet, green - are made by mixing primary colors
how a surface really feels, or how it looks like it would feel (implied). It can be created with a variety of media, or simply drawn.
a repeating series of elements (line, shape, form, value, texture, space, color). It can show movement, distance, scale, and proportion.
ANY pure color, NO white or black added (red, blue, violet, red-orange, etc.)
2D with no volume or thickness. It is flat and can be grouped into two categories:
1. geometric (made with rulers/compasses, e.g. square, triangle, circle)
2. organic (free-flowing, made without rulers/compasses).
analogous colors E
colors next to each other on the color wheel
colors are lightened by adding white
an area of a design which first attracts and holds your attention in a design. This area is more important when compared to the other objects or elements present.
colors are darkened by adding black
is a feeling of visual equality (equal amounts) of any element in a design. It can be symmetrical (even) or asymmetrical (uneven).
when the majority of a design focuses on one element. For example, a sculpture made entirely of cubes would have _______ of form.
tertiary colors E
created by mixing a primary & a secondary color next to each other on the color wheel. They are always listed with the primary color first (Y-G, B-V, etc)
warm colors E
YG, Y, YO, O, RO, R
cool colors E
G, BG, B, BV, RV, V
one color - may include hues, tints, tones, shades of any color
opaque (say: oh-pake)
lines that are the same distance apart their entire length - they never intersect ( example = )
medium (1), media (2+)
material/materials used in a piece of art
the coolest class at Sequoia
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