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50 terms

Civics Post Test

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Founders
political leaders of the colonies
natural rights
life, liberty, property
social contract
an agreement to create a government and follow its laws
Civic Virtue
citizens who put the common good above their own selfish interests
Higher law
must be obeyed by everyone including those running the govt.
Separation of Powers
Dividing the govt. into 3 different branches
checks and balances
prevents branches of govt. from abusing power
Magna Carta
agreement between nobles and the king that required the king to govern according to the established rules of law
Representative Government
the colonists included this in their govt. to protect themselves from abuse of power
Acts...like the Stamp Act of 1765
were invalid because the colonists were not allowed to vote in Parliament
Constitutional Govt.
always includes a limitation of powers
Declaration of Independence
an explanation of the colonist's revolt against Great Britain
Writer of the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson
Revolutionary War
war in which the colonies won their independence from England
Purpose of govt. in the Declaration
protect people's natural rights
Diplomacy in the Revolutionary War
France supplied loans and military assistance to the Americans
Popular Sovereignty
the govt. gets its right to govern from the people
First U.S. Constitution
Articles of Confederation
Single branch of the Articles of Confederation
legislative
Document before the Constitution that joined the states together
A.O.C. - Articles of Confederation
Differences between the AOC and the Constitution
Constitution gives Congress the power to act directly on the people
Where did the Constitutional Convention meet?
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Preamble begins...
"We the People..."
Preamble states...
the purpose of the Constitution
Original purpose of the Philadelphia Convention
to rewrite the Articles of Confederation
Proportional Representation
gives states with larger populations a greater number of representatives in Congress
Great Compromise
divides Congress into 2 houses with equal representation in the Senate and proportional representation in the House
Virginia Plan
favored large states
New Jersey Plan
Favored small states
Framers resolved the conflict between the northern and southern states by
allowing the slave trade to continue
Branches of the U.S. govt.
three
How is Congress divided?
2 houses
Enumerated powers
specifically granted to Congress by the Constitution
General Welfare Clause
allows Congress to provide for the common defense and common good of the U.S.
Powers of the President
pass or veto bills/laws made by Congress
Electoral College
system Framers created for electing the President
Term of Supreme Court jutices
life to ensure neutrality of the national judiciary
Total number of amendments
27
U.S. Senators term of office
6 years
House of Representatives term of office
2 years
Total number of U.S. Representatives
435
Total number of U.S. Senators
100
Who can declare war?
Congress
Judicial branch
interprets laws
Executive branch
enforces laws
Legislative branch
makes laws
Number of Supreme Court justices
9
First 10 amendments
Bill of Rights
Treason
aiding the enemies of your country
Appellate jurisdiction
Supreme Court hears a case that has already been heard in a lower court.