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Politics of the United States
Study set for exams
Terms in this set (40)
The _____ takes the ideas of the Declaration of Independence and turns them into laws and institutions.
An elected official voting and acting in what one believes to be in the best interests of one's constituency is an example of _____.
Armed colonists were called _____.
The Declaration of Independence states that liberty is a/an _____ right.
Political philosopher _____ had an enormous impact on revolutionary America and our Founding Fathers.
_____ was one of the "architects of the Constitution" and was the first to arrive at the Constitutional Convention in 1787.
A key point of the _____ proposed that Congress have two chambers (i.e., a bicameral legislature) with representation in both chambers based on state population.
The number of electors in a state is equal to _____.
The number of representatives
The president is the commander in chief, but Congress has the power to declare war; this is an example of _____.
Checks and Balances
_____ are the first three words of the Constitution.
We The People
The Supreme Court traditionally seats _____ justices.
As _____ _______ left the Constitutional Convention in 1787, a woman stopped him. "What kind of government have you given us?" she asked. He responded, "A republic, madam—if you can keep it."
In a republic, the _____ is/are in charge.
Early America did not live up to the ideal expressed in the first three words of the Constitution, "We, the People," as only _____ ______ were included in government.
(_______) is the belief that democracy can be achieved in a large, complex society by competition, bargaining, and compromise among organized groups and that individuals can participate in decision making through membership in these groups and by choosing among parties and candidates in elections
Elite theory claims power is located in _____.
a small number of wealthy and powerful individuals
Social movement theory cites the strength of _____ demands as the source of political power.
A democracy is a system of government that rests governing power in
the study of who gets what, when, and how - or how policy decisions are made
There are ____ cabinet departments in the federal government
According to the text, _____ is the relationship between different levels of government sharing and squabbling over power.
The United States rebelled against a _____ government.
Congress's expressed, or granted, powers are found in _____ _____of the Constitution.
Article 1 Section 8
A/an _____ power is explicitly named in the Constitution.
The "_____ and proper clause" provides Congress with authority to carry out its designated functions concerning powers not specifically enumerated in the Constitution.
If Virginia law conflicts with federal law, the _____ clause states that federal law is superior.
The _____ _____ ___ _____ clause in the Constitution says that each state should recognize and uphold laws passed by any other state.
Full Faith and Credit
_____ ______ was characterized by a far more active federal government and blurred lines of authority
Block grants provide _____ funds for specific government services.
All states but _____ have a two-chamber state legislature, exemplifying checks and balances at the state level..
_____ ______ requires government action to secure individual rights.
According to the text, we always weigh the rights of individuals against the concerns and _____ of the community.
The Fourteenth Amendment is known as the _____ ______ clause
In ______ (1973), the Supreme Court drew on the right to privacy and struck down a Texas law banning abortion
Roe v. Wade
The _____ Amendment states, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof."
The First Amendment gives two succinct commands regulating religion; the first is that _____ _____ _______ may not establish an official religion.
The federal government
In 1971, _____ _ ________ the Court established a test to guide decisions about separating church and state.
Lemon v. Kurtzman
The right to free speech is guaranteed in the _____ Amendment.
Speech is not protected if it poses a "_____ __ __________ __________ that will lead to 'substantive evils.'"
Clear and Present Danger
_____ is/are defined as written untruths or falsehoods that, with the exception of public officials, are not protected under free speech.
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