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Study guide chapter 8

critical criminologist

Criminologist who view crime as a function of social conflict and economic rivalry

According to Karl Marx, production has two components

Productive relations
Productive forces

Capitalist Bourgeoisie

Owners of production


This who do the actual labor for capitalist bourgeoisie

Lumpen proletariat

Non productive workers who do nothing and live parasitically

the dialectic method as defined by Hegel

For every theory there's an opposing idea

surplus value

The profits produced by laboring classes that are approved by business owners


Displacement of workers pushing them outside the economic and social mainstream


The process of creating transnational markets and political and legal system has shifted the focus of critical inquiry

preemptive deterrence

An approach in which community organization efforts eliminate or reduce crime before police involvement is necessary

Critical feminism

Views gender inequality as stemming from the unequal power of men and women in a capitalist society which leads to the exploitation of women by fathers and husbands

Hagan's view of gender differences that explain the onset of criminality involve two factors :

Class position (power)
Family funtion (control)

Paternalistic family

Fathers assume the traditional role of breadwinners while mothers tend to have menial jobs or remain at home to supervise domestic matters

egalitarian family

Husband and wife share similar positions of power at home and in the workplace. Daughters gain a kind of freedom that reflects reduced parental control

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