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Criminology

Study guide chapter 8
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critical criminologist
Criminologist who view crime as a function of social conflict and economic rivalry
According to Karl Marx, production has two components
Productive relations
Productive forces
Capitalist Bourgeoisie
Owners of production
Proletariat
This who do the actual labor for capitalist bourgeoisie
Lumpen proletariat
Non productive workers who do nothing and live parasitically
the dialectic method as defined by Hegel
For every theory there's an opposing idea
surplus value
The profits produced by laboring classes that are approved by business owners
marginalization
Displacement of workers pushing them outside the economic and social mainstream
globalization
The process of creating transnational markets and political and legal system has shifted the focus of critical inquiry
preemptive deterrence
An approach in which community organization efforts eliminate or reduce crime before police involvement is necessary
Critical feminism
Views gender inequality as stemming from the unequal power of men and women in a capitalist society which leads to the exploitation of women by fathers and husbands
Hagan's view of gender differences that explain the onset of criminality involve two factors :
Class position (power)
Family funtion (control)
Paternalistic family
Fathers assume the traditional role of breadwinners while mothers tend to have menial jobs or remain at home to supervise domestic matters
egalitarian family
Husband and wife share similar positions of power at home and in the workplace. Daughters gain a kind of freedom that reflects reduced parental control