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47 terms

psycology test 3

STUDY
PLAY
which of the following does three main processes inbolbed in memory
maintaining information in memory retrieval, pulling information out of memory putting , puttinging information into memory encoding
two students took a memory test twenty nouns were shown in order on a tv monitor. mallory tried to think of rhymes for each word as it appeared on the monitor. bailey tried to think of wys each word could be used in a sentence. what can conculude
bailey would have better remember because she used semantic style which is the best
the memory system that hoolds information in storage just long enought to give you additionial time to recongnize the stimulus is
working memory (the shortest one)
retroactive interference
newly learned information impairs memory of previously learned information
(ex.) new address cant remember your old one)
proactive interference
is when old information stops you from remembering new information (ie beggining of every year put the previous year)
short term memory
is a limited capacity store that can maintain unreehearsed information for up to about 20 seconds
sensory memory
preseves information in its orginal sensory form for a brief time usually only a fraction of a second
long term
is an unlimited capacity that can be held for a long period of time
the order of hte basic memroy process in which info mation enters our memory is used later
encoding storage retrieval
the basic prcess in memory that involves maintaining info in the mormory is
storage
which of the followinwg are level of processing associated with info
semantinc structural phonemic
the semantic level of processing focuses attetion on
the meaning of the word
when studying for he psy exam amy would read each word from the list of key terms at the end of the chapeter read the def of the term and think of an example she used the process of which memory stile
elaboration
sensory memory
preveres information in its orginal sense form for a rief time ussually a fraction of a second
mark is listening as his roomamate lists 14 things that they need to buy if he doesnt write it down as he hears them he is most liely to remember
he will remember 5-9 things on the list
people often find it difficult to solve a problem by using a familiar object in a novel way because of
functional fixedness
people often assume that it is necessary' to use all the numerical info provided in a problem in order to solve it , in reality info sometimes makes it more difficult to solve because the info
may be irrelevant
solving a scramble problem to make large words or an anagram a puzzle
arrangment
connecting the four dots
unecessary restraint
transformation
undertake a series of steps to reach the goal, the hobit problem from getting boys and girls on both sidess
baseing the estimation probability of an event on the ease with which instances come to mind is called the
availability heuristic
representativeness heuristic
is saying that it is right based on society.. .the number of boys and girls
availability heuristic
things that come to mind are true
alfred ninet and theodor simon devised the first intelligence test in 1905 in order to
predict the school performance of children ( IQ
teh fact that e correlation in IQ scores between identical twins reared apart is lower than theat between identical twinds reared together suggest
environmental factors can have an influence on intellectual development
which of the following behavuiors is consistent with a drive theroy of motivation
eating an apple when your hungry
biologicial action is caused to decrease you drive and maintain needs homeostatsis internal
a bonus of 100 for completing a work assignment before adealine is and ex
an incentive
while theories of mitivation emphasize internal factors blank theories emphsize external factors
drive & incentive
william a subject in psy experiment just reieved an injection that raised his blood glucose level william is
not feeling hungry
classicail conditioning
you like it because your dad like it or granma made you eat it
observational conditioning
you see someone beat up the boba doll so you do too
parential investiment theory suggest all of the following
human males are required to invest little in the prduction of offspring, human commodity of reproduction males and females may develop different strategies
the one celled organism formed by the union of a sperm and a negg is the
zygote
the proximodistal trend suggest children gain control of thir
torso before their extremities
the fact that children in diff cultures blank in the age at which basic motor skills appear demonstrates that
bary somewhat enviromental factors can slow or acelerate with motor development
if an infant basic biologial needs are met by others and sound attachements are formed during the first years of life the infant will most likely succed in which stage
trust versus mistrust
5 yer old steve gets along well with his parents and siblings is confident and believes he is a good boy steve ahas most recently sucess resolved hte crisis of
intitatinve vs guilt
piaget poposed four stages of cognitive development which of the following is not one of his stages
postometrial
if a ball that a fice month old infant is playing wiith rolls under a chari
hAS NOT DEVELOPED OBJECT PERMUNANCE
3 basic memory concepts
encoding storage retrieval
3 ways to encode
Structual(visual, people faces, cap letters of words) Phonemic (sound, melodies or catch phrases) Semantic ( most effective think about what the material means)
3 types of memory
sensory, short term, long term
sensory type
sights, sounds, and taste very brief last around 1 sec, some info is selected for processing while some is lost
short-term memory
must be processed here for permant storage, aprox 20 seconds
long term memory
permenant memory storage with very little space, rehearsal is needed to term stm into ltm 1. maintaine- save or maintain for a short period through rep.
2. elaborative-attach meaning to be remembered more perement transfered ltm
why do we forget
ineffective encoding,decay, interference,repression
amnessia
retrograde amnessia- lost memories prior to injury antrograde-lost memories after injury