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U.S. Army Promotion Board Study Guide (2020)
Terms in this set (169)
What ADP/ADRP covers The Army?
In which domains do U.S. forces operate?
Air, land, maritime, space, and cyberspace domains.
As a unique military profession, the Army is built upon an ethos of trust. What are the four other essential characteristics of our profession?
Military expertise, honorable service, esprit de corps, and stewardship.
What are the 11 Primary Missions of the U.S. Armed Forces?
⦁ Counter terrorism and irregular warfare.
⦁ Deter and defeat aggression.
⦁ Project power despite anti-access/area denial challenges.
⦁ Counter weapons of mass destruction.
⦁ Operate effectively in cyberspace.
⦁ Operate effectively in space.
⦁ Maintain a safe, secure, and effective nuclear deterrent.
⦁ Defend the homeland and provide support to civil authorities.
⦁ Provide a stabilizing presence.
⦁ Conduct stability and counterinsurgency operations.
⦁ Conduct humanitarian, disaster relief, and other operations
What is the most important determinant of combat power?
What is the US Army's greatest strategic asset; providing depth, versatility, and unmatched experience to the joint force?
The all-volunteer force
Title 10, USC, establishes the basic structure of the Army. What Forces make up the Army?
One Regular Army and two Reserve Components: the Regular Army, the Army Reserve, and the
Army National Guard of the United States. Army Civilians support all three components.
What is the function of the Operating Force?
Operating forces consist of units organized, trained, and equipped to deploy and fight.
What is the function of the Generating Force?
The generating force mans, trains, equips, deploys, and ensures the readiness of all Army forces.
What is the bedrock of our Army Profession?
What is Stewardship?
Stewardship is the responsibility of Army professionals to ensure the profession maintains its five essential characteristics now and into the future.
The Army's Vision captures the three strategic roles of the Army. What are they?
Prevent, shape, and win.
What is the Army's mission?
To fight and win the Nation's wars through prompt and sustained land combat, as part of the joint force.
If there is no trust between Soldiers and their leaders, what can be the outcome?
Soldiers will not follow orders except from fear of consequences.
What is an oath?
An oath is an individual moral commitment made publicly.
What is ADP 1's definition of esprit de corps?
A respect for our history and tradition committed to the highest standards of individual and collective excellence.
How do units and organizations preserve unit histories and display them?
Unit distinctive insignia (such as unit crests, patches, and mottos).
What are the hallmarks of units with high esprit de corps?
Discipline and pride.
What is an operation?
An operation is a sequence of tactical actions with a common purpose or unifying theme.
What is an operational environment?
An operational environment is a composite of the conditions, circumstances, and influences that affect the employment of capabilities and bear on the decisions of the commander.
What are mission variables?
METT-TC (mission, enemy, terrain and weather, troop and support available, time available, and civil considerations).
What are operational variables?
PMESII-PT (political, military, economic, social, information, infrastructure, physical environment, and time.
What is unity of effort?
Unity of effort is coordination and cooperation toward common objectives, even if the participants are not necessarily part of the same command or organization, which is the product of successful unified action.
What is operational art?
Operational art is the pursuit of strategic objectives, in whole or in part, through the arrangement of tactical actions in time, space, and purpose.
What is decisive action?
Decisive action is the continuous, simultaneous combinations of offensive, defensive, and stability or defense support of civil authorities tasks.
What are the major mission command activities performed during the operations process?
Planning, preparing, executing, and continuously assessing the operation.
What are the six warfighting functions?
Mission command, movement and maneuver, intelligence, fires, sustainment, and protection.
What is the act of configuring an operating force, support staff, or sustainment package of specific size and composition to meet a unique task or mission?
What ADP/ADRP covers The Operations Process?
What is the Army's framework for exercising mission command?
The operations process.
What are the major mission command activities performed during operations?
⦁ Continuously assessing the operation.
How do commanders drive the operations process?
Through understanding, visualizing, describing, directing, leading, and assessing operations.
What is a composite of the conditions, circumstances, and influences that affect the employment of capabilities and bear on the decisions of the commander?
The operational environment.
What is MDMP?
The military decision-making process is an iterative planning methodology to understand the situation and mission, develop a course of action, and produce an operation plan or order.
What are the MDMP steps?
⦁ Step 1 - Receipt of mission.
⦁ Step 2 - Mission analysis.
⦁ Step 3 - Course of action development.
⦁ Step 4 - Course of action analysis.
⦁ Step 5 - Course of action comparison.
⦁ Step 6 - Course of action approval.
⦁ Step 7 - Orders production, dissemination, and transition.
What are troop-leading procedures?
Troop-leading procedures are a dynamic process used by small-unit leaders to analyze a mission, develop a plan, and prepare for an operation. TLP are used by commanders and leaders without a staff.
What are the troop leading procedure steps?
⦁ Step 1 - Receive the mission.
⦁ Step 2 - Issue a warning order.
⦁ Step 3 - Make a tentative plan.
⦁ Step 4 - Initiate movement.
⦁ Step 5 - Conduct reconnaissance.
⦁ Step 6 - Complete the plan.
⦁ Step 7 - Issue the order.
⦁ Step 8 - Supervise and refine the plan.
What does METT-TC stand for?
⦁ Mission, enemy
⦁ Terrain and weather
⦁ Troops and support available
⦁ Time available
⦁ Civil considerations
What is the definition of execution?
Putting a plan into action by applying combat power to accomplish the mission.
How do Army forces seize, retain, and exploit the initiative?
Through combined arms maneuver and wide area security.
How do commanders create conditions for seizing the initiative?
What are inherent in all military operations?
Uncertainty and risk.
What are command sergeant major's primary responsibilities during mission execution?
The CSM assists the commander in assessing operations as well as assessing the condition and morale of the forces.
What is the ADRP 5-0 definition of planning?
Planning is the art and science of understanding a situation, envisioning a desired future, and laying out effective ways of bringing that future about.
What ADP/ADRP covers Mission Command?
What is the Army's operational concept?
Unified land operations.
How are unified land operations accomplished?
Through decisive action.
What is decisive action?
The simultaneous combination of offensive, defensive, and stability operations (or defense support of civil authorities) that set the conditions for favorable conflict resolution.
What is the exercise of authority and direction by the commander using mission orders to enable disciplined initiative within the commander's intent to empower agile and adaptive leaders in the conduct of unified land operations?
What are the six principles of mission command?
⦁ Build cohesive teams through mutual trust.
⦁ Create shared understanding.
⦁ Provide a clear commander's intent.
⦁ Exercise disciplined initiative.
⦁ Use mission orders.
⦁ Accept prudent risk.
Who are unified action partners?
Unified action partners are those military forces, governmental and nongovernmental organizations, and elements of the private sector with whom Army forces plan, coordinate, synchronize, and integrate during the conduct of operations.
What is unity of effort?
Unity of effort is coordination and cooperation toward common objectives, even if the participants are not necessarily part of the same command or organization—the product of successful unified action.
What is the commander's intent?
The commander's intent is a clear and concise expression of the purpose of the operation and the desired military end state that supports mission command, provides focus to the staff, and helps subordinate and supporting commanders act to achieve the commander's desired results without further orders, even when the operation does not unfold as planned.
What are mission orders?
Mission orders are directives that emphasize to subordinates the results to be attained, not how they are to achieve them.
What is the art of command?
The art of command as the creative and skillful exercise of authority through timely decision-making and leadership
What is prudent risk?
Prudent risk is a deliberate exposure to potential injury or loss when the commander judges the outcome in terms of mission accomplishment as worth the cost.
Who is the central figure in mission command?
What does the science of control of?
The science of control consists of systems and procedures used to improve the commander's understanding and support accomplishing missions.
What is disciplined initiative?
Disciplined initiative is action in the absence of orders, when existing orders no longer fit the situation, or when unforeseen opportunities or threats arise.
What ADP/ADRP covers Army Leadership?
What is leadership?
Leadership is the process of influencing people by providing purpose, direction, and motivation to accomplish the mission and improve the organization.
What is Formal Leadership?
Formal leadership is granted to individuals by virtue of assignment to positions of responsibility and is a function of rank and experience.
What is command?
Command is the authority that a commander in the armed forces lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtue of rank or assignment.
What are the leader attributes?
Character, presence and intellect.
What are the leader competencies?
Leads, develops, achieves.
What are the three levels of leadership?
Direct, organizational, and strategic.
The category of leads encompasses five competencies. What are they?
⦁ Leads others.
⦁ Extends influence beyond the chain of command.
⦁ Builds trust.
⦁ Leads by example.
The category of develops encompasses four competencies. What are they?
⦁ Creates a Positive Environment.
⦁ Prepares Self.
⦁ Develops Others.
⦁ Stewards the Profession.
What are the three major categories of developmental counseling?
⦁ Event counseling.
⦁ Performance counseling.
⦁ Professional growth counseling.
What is the four-stage counseling process?
⦁ Identify the need for counseling.
⦁ Prepare for counseling.
⦁ Conduct the counseling session.
What are the three approaches to counseling?
What are key elements of active listening?
⦁ Eye contact.
⦁ Body posture.
⦁ Head nods.
⦁ Facial expressions.
⦁ Verbal expressions.
⦁ Check for understanding.
What three basic counseling skills must counselors have to be effective?
⦁ Active listening.
⦁ Appropriate questioning.
What are some examples of Event Counseling?
⦁ Specific instances of superior or substandard performance.
⦁ Reception and integration counseling.
⦁ Crisis counseling.
⦁ Referral counseling.
⦁ Promotion counseling.
⦁ Transition counseling.
⦁ Adverse separation counseling.
How often should NCOs be counseled?
What form is used for developmental counseling?
DA Form 4856
What ADP/ADRP covers Training Units and Developing Leaders?
Who is responsible for training units and developing leaders?
Where does training begin?
Training begins in the generating force.
What does METL stand for and what is it?
The unit's mission-essential task list (METL) represents the doctrinal framework of fundamental tasks for which the unit was designed
What is the Army's policy on sexual harassment?
The policy of the Army is that sexual harassment is unacceptable conduct and will not be tolerated.
What is the definition of sexual harassment?
Sexual harassment is a form of gender discrimination that involves unwelcomed sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature between the same or opposite genders.
What are the categories of sexual harassment?
⦁ Physical contact
What are the types of sexual harassment?
⦁ Quid pro quo
⦁ Hostile environment
What are the two types of reporting in regards to sexual assault?
⦁ Restricted reporting
⦁ Unrestricted reporting
Under what conditions can consent not be given?
When a person uses force, threat of force, or coercion or when the victim is asleep, incapacitated, or unconscious.
What does SHARP stand for?
Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention.
Who is the Brigade SHARP/SARC?
What are the four techniques or approaches to dealing with Sexual Harassment?
⦁ 3rd Party
⦁ Chain of Command
Can a restricted report later be changed to an unrestricted report?
What will evaluate the performance and potential of non commissioned officers?
The NCOER, DA form 2166-9 series.
The DA Form 2166-9-1A, NCOER Support Form, is mandatory for who?
DA Form 2166-9-1A use is mandatory for all NCOs, corporal through command sergeant major; however, no NCOER is prepared for CPLs.
What must the rater provide the rated NCO at the beginning of their rating period?
A copy of their and the senior rater's support form along with the unit's mission, valid rating chain, duty description, and specified goals and objectives.
Who is responsible for drafting the initial DA Form 2166-9-1A, NCOER Support Form?
The rated NCO.
What does the NCOER identify for the Army?
It identifies Soldiers who are best qualified for promotion and assignment to positions of greater responsibility. The ERS also identifies Soldiers who will be kept on active duty, retained in grade, or eliminated from military service.
When will initial counseling be completed by?
Initial counseling will be conducted within 30 days after the beginning of the rating period, and quarterly thereafter, for NCOs.
Who may require changes be made to an evaluation report?
Except to comply with this regulation and DA Pam 623-3, no person may require changes be made to an evaluation report.
What will the NCOER rating chain consist of?
It will consist of the rated NCO, the rater, the senior rater, and in some instances, a supplementary reviewer.
What is the normal requirement for a supplementary review?
A mandatory supplementary review is required for NCOERs when a senior rater within the rated NCOs rating chain includes an NCO in the rank of SFC through 1SG/MSG, warrant officers in the rank of WO1 through CW2, and Army officer in the rank of 2LT and 1LT.
What personnel should review every NCOER?
The senior NCO (that is, CSM, SGM, 1SG) within the organization should conduct an undocumented review of every NCOER to ensure accountability of Soldiers' NCOERs and to supervise performance of junior NCOs.
Who will always be the last individual to sign the evaluation report?
The rated Soldier.
What are the different types of NCOERs?
1. Change of Rater
3. Extended Annual
4. Change of Duty
5. Depart Temporary Duty, Special Duty, or Temporary Change of Station
6. Temporary Duty, Special Duty, or Temporary Change of Station
7. Release from Active Duty Service (Reserve/NG only)
Mandatory other than 90-day minimum
8. U.S. Army HRC Directed
9. Relief for Cause
10. Complete the Record
11. Senior Rater Option
12. 60-Day Option
When is a Change of Duty NCOER mandatory?
When a rated Soldier is reassigned to a different principal duty while still serving under the same rater or when he or she is separated from Army service.
What Chapter of AR 670-1 sets the Standards for Appearance and Grooming Policies?
When may male Soldiers wear earrings?
When male and female Soldiers are not in uniform and off duty, earring wear is not restricted as long as the ear-rings do not create or support ear gauging (enlarged holes in the lobe of the ear, greater than 1.6mm).
What is a Tapered Appearance?
A tapered appearance is one where the outline of the Soldier's hair conforms to the shape of the head curving inward to the natural termination point at the base of the neck.
What is the maximum authorized length of Sideburns?
The length of an individual hair in the sideburns will not exceed 1/8 inch when fully extended.
When are Males required to keep their face Clean-Shaven?When are Males required to keep their face Clean-Shaven?
When in Uniform, or in Civilian clothes On Duty.
What is the maximum length authorized for medical treatment?
The length of the beard cannot exceed 1/4 inch, but must be specified on the Profile.
What are the three basic categories of Female Hairstyles?
⦁ Short Length
⦁ Medium Length
⦁ Long Length
What is the shortest that a Female's hairstyle is authorized?
No Shorter than ¼ inch from scalp.
What is the Maximum Allowed Length of Fingernails for Females?
No longer than 1/4 of an inch as measured from tip of finger.
Where are Soldiers prohibited from getting tattoos?
On the head, face (except for permanent make-up), neck, below the wrist bone, hands, or fingers (other than one ring tattoo on each hand).
What Jewelry is authorized for wear while in uniform?
Soldiers may wear a wristwatch, a wrist identification bracelet, and a total of two rings. Soldiers may also wear one activity tracker, pedometer, or heart rate monitor.
What are some examples of activities that Soldiers should not walk while engaged in?
Walking while eating, using electronic devices, or smoking cigarettes, cigars, or pipes.
When are Soldiers Authorized to wear sunglasses that contain logos or lens colors that are not authorized?
Soldiers are authorized to wear ballistic spectacle eye protection issued by the Army.
What are the different types of Badges for wear on the uniform?
1. Marksmanship badges and tab
2. Combat and Special Skill badges and tabs
3. Identification badges
4. Foreign badges
How will service ribbons be worn on the male Army Service Uniform?
The ribbons will be centered 1/8 inch above the left breast pocket. Ribbon mounts will remain centered above the pocket even if the top ribbon row is offset.
How will service ribbons be worn on the female Army Service Uniform?
The ribbons will be centered on the left side, with the bottom row positioned parallel to the bottom edge of the nameplate. Females may adjust the placement of the ribbons to conform to individual body shape differences.
Which direction does the belt tab on the army belt extend to on the male Army Service Uniform?
The wearer's left.
How is the branch insignia worn on the male Enlisted Army Service Uniform?
Enlisted males wear their branch insignia centered on the left collar, with the bottom of the disk approximately 1 inch above the notch, with the center line of the insignia parallel to the inside edge of the lapel.
When the ACU trouser leg is bloused, what is the maximum distance that it may extend down the boot?
The bloused trouser legs should not extend below the third eyelet from the top of the boot.
What is the only insignia authorized for wear on the APFU according to DA Pam 670-1?
The Physical Fitness Badge.
What are the levels of the Army Maintenance System?
Field maintenance and sustainment maintenance.
What AR covers Army Maintenance Policy?
What is the purpose of field maintenance?
To repair and return equipment and components to the operator or user.
What is the purpose of sustainment maintenance?
To repair and return equipment and components to the supply system.
What two standards of maintenance characterizes depot maintenance?
Overhaul and rebuild
What is the purpose of battlefield damage assessment and repair (BDAR)?
To return disabled equipment rapidly to combat or to enable the equipment to self-recover.
What is the purpose of submitting a quality deficiency report (QDR)?
To report conditions that are the result of a below-standard quality workmanship or materiel deficiencies.
What must commanders ensure during preventative or corrective maintenance?
Maintenance is performed in accordance with TMs and under the supervision of trained leaders.
What form must an operator record equipment fault on that he/she cannot work off?
A DA Form 5988-E or DA Form 2404.
What is the primary building block and starting point for Army maintenance operations?
Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services (PMCS).
What Army Regulation and title covers maintenance?
AR 750-1, Army Material Maintenance Policy.
What are the three components of training in regards to PRT?
What are the three principles of PRT?
What are the four phases of PRT?
⦁ Initial Conditioning Phase
⦁ Toughening Phase
⦁ Sustaining Phase
What are six of the eight qualitative performance factors of PRT?
What is the minimum number of personnel required to administer the APFT?
Four: an OIC/NCOIC, an event supervisor, an event scorer, and support personnel to hold the Soldiers' feet on the sit-up event.
When does Overtraining occur
Overtraining occurs when training involves excessive frequency, intensity and/or duration of training that may result in extreme fatigue, illness or injury.
What exercises comprise the Preparation Drill?
⦁ Bend and Reach
⦁ Rear Lunge
⦁ High Jumper
⦁ Squat Bender
⦁ Forward Lunge
⦁ Prone Row
⦁ Bent-Leg Body Twist
What exercise should a Soldier perform if a profile limits them performing the exercise correctly?
The modified version from FM 7-22, if possible.
How many months minimum is the commander required to give a Soldier between record APFTs?
4 (AR 350-1)
Can Combatives training be conducted for PRT?
Yes. Combatives is one of the types of PRT training, the other two being on-ground and off-ground.
What FM covers Drill and Ceremony?
What are two prescribed formations for platoons?
Line and column.
What is the primary purpose of drill (drill and ceremony)?
The purpose of drill is to enable a commander or non-commissioned officer to move his unit from one place to another in an orderly manner; to aid in disciplinary training by instilling habits of precision and response to the leader's orders; and to provide for the development of all Soldiers in the practice of commanding troops.
What are the 4 rest positions that can be given at the halt?
⦁ Parade rest
⦁ Stand at ease
⦁ At ease
What is the primary value of ceremonies?
To render honors, preserve tradition, and to stimulate Esprit de Corps.
What command is given to reverse the direction of a march?
How many steps does each rank take when a platoon is given the command of Open Ranks?
On the command "March", the first rank takes two steps forward, the second rank takes one step forward, the third rank stands fast and the fourth rank take two 15 inch steps to the rear.
What is the "Blue Book"?
A drill manual used by Baron Von Steuben (a former Prussian officer) to train the colonial army. It preceded the FM 3-21.5. It was known as "The regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States". This book was the first Army Field Manual.
What is a Guidon?
A guidon is a swallow-tailed flag carried by companies, batteries, troops, and certain detachments.
Who is responsible for training and appearance of the color guard?
What is the command given to revoke a preparatory command?
As you were.
What reference covers the duties, responsibilities and authorities of a NCO?
What is Command Authority?
Command authority is the authority leaders have over soldiers by virtue of rank or assignment. Command authority originates with the President and may be supplemented by law or regulation.
What are the two most important responsibilities NCOs?
Mission accomplishment and the welfare of the Soldiers.
What is a NCO's principle duty and responsibility?
What are the three different types of duties?
What is a specified duty?
Specified duties are those related to jobs and positions, mainly military occupational specialty (MOS) related duties. Directives such as Army regulations (AR), Department of the Army (DA) general orders, the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ), Soldiers manuals, and MOS job descriptions specify the duties. For example, AR 600-20 says that NCOs must ensure that Soldiers are properly trained and maintain their personal appearance and cleanliness.
What is an implied duty?
Implied duties often support specified duties, but in some cases they may not be related to the MOS job position. These duties may not be written but implied in the instructions. They're duties that improve the quality of the job and help keep the unit functioning at an optimum level. In most cases, these duties depend on individual initiative. They improve the work environment and motivate soldiers to perform because they want to, not because they have to.
When was the NCO Corps born in the U.S. Army?
14 June 1775.
What were the original NCO ranks in the Continental Army?
Corporal, Sergeant, First Sergeant, Quartermaster Sergeant, and Sergeant Major.
What is the Army Ethic?
The Army Ethic is an evolving set of laws, values, and beliefs, deeply embedded within the core of the Army culture and practiced by all members of the Army Profession to motivate and guide the appropriate conduct of individual members bound together by a common moral purpose.
What is the purpose of the NCO induction ceremony?
The NCO induction ceremony is meant to celebrate the transition of a Soldier to a leader as they join the ranks of a professional NCO corps; the induction ceremony should in no way be used as an opportunity for hazing, but more as a rite of passage.
What is an Army Leader Book?
The leader book is a tool maintained by leaders at all levels for recording and tracking Soldier proficiency on mission-oriented tasks.
What year was the NCO Creed written?
What year was the NCO Creed officially published?
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Army Board Study Guide
Army Promotion Board Questions
Army Board Questions
Army SHARP / EO Board Questions
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