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Heart Health & Nutrition
Terms in this set (41)
A chemical that an organism needs to live and grow or a substance used in an organism's metabolism which must be taken in from its environment.
Sugars that are quickly digested and provide a boost of energy for the body.
The human brain is made up of approximately how much water?
Sugars and starches that the body uses for energy.
When your water intake does not equal your output it is called:
Overall the human body is composed of approximately how much water?
They provide the body with long term energy since they are digested more slowly
Foods containing all 9 of the essential amino acids are called:
Provide the building materials to help the body grow and repair itself:
This gland in the human body tells it when to produce urine or hold onto water.
Posterior pituitary gland
Incomplete proteins are
Missing some essential amino acids
Fruits, vegetables, broth-based soups, oatmeal, and beans are examples of
Water rich foods
A possible problem of chronic dehydration is
Contain fatty acids that are missing hydrogen atoms and are typically in liquid form at room temperature.
The main toxin your body produces:
Blood urea nitrogen
Belongs to a group of organic compounds called lipids and are an energy source for the body
If you don't drink enough fluid what is one side effect to your bowels?
They become constipated
Inorganic substances that are required by your body in order to develop and grow properly.
Contain fatty acids with the maximum amount of hydrogen atoms
Group of complex compounds that help your body maintain normal metabolism, growth, and development.
To calculate your resting heart rate you can
Count your pulse for 10 second and multiply it by 6
The P.R.I.C.E principle is
Protect, Rest, Ice, Compression & Elevation
What is the ideal normal blood pressure reading?
120/80 or lower
Which blood pressure reading would be considered high?
When you are performing Hands-Only CPR you should
Push hard and fast in the middle of the chest
What are the 3C's in an emergency situation (in the correct order)?
Check, Call, Care
This type of diabetes is insulin dependent and it is when the body attacks its own pancreas with antibodies. The damaged pancreas doesn't make insulin.
Type 1 Diabetes
This type of diabetes is when the pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin or the body is resistant to insulin it produces.
Type 2 Diabetes
Consuming the proper amount of this liquid can reduce your chance of colon cancer and bladder cancer.
What is one way our bodies stop from overheating?
How many essential amino acids are there
What does urine look like when you are dehyrdated
Cloudy and dark yellow and it may smell
An estimated __________________% Americans have mild, chronic dehydration.
When the body's immune system destroys the insulin producing cells.
Type 1 diabetes
A chronic disease that affects the way cells convert sugar to energy.
The bottom number on a blood pressure reading and is how much pressure your blood is exerting against your artery walls while the heart is resting between beats.
The top number on a blood pressure reading and is how much pressure your blood is exerting against your artery walls when the heart beats.
A waxy, fat like substance in your blood that in excess can build up on the insides of the arteries increasing the risk for heart disease.
When the bones become fragile and break easily
What are the 4 things you can do to help control your risk factors for heart disease?
Watching fat and salt consumption
Knowing weight recommendations
Checking blood pressure & cholesterol
What are the two steps (in order) in Hands Only CPR
1. Call 911
2. Push hard and fast in the center of the chest
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